Curtis C. Daehler

Professor of Botany

Curtis C. Daehler

PhD 1996 University of California, Davis

Contact Information
Phone:(808) 956-3929

Link to Laboratory Site

Graduate Faculty Memberships
Botany; Ecology, Evolution and Conservation Biology

Research Interests

  • Population biology of invasive plants
  • Predicting plant invaders – Weed Risk Assessments [legacy site here]
  • Global and regional patterns of plant invasions
  • Plant-herbivore interactions
  • Effects of fire on native and alien plant recruitment in coastal grasslands.

On-going research in my laboratory addresses questions about the ecology and evolution of invasive plants and invaded plant communities. My students and I also study interactions between invasive plants and pollinators, herbivores and microorganisms in order to understand roles that these interacting organisms play in successful and failed plant invasions.

More generally, I have been interested in the processes and mechanisms involved when a species transitions to becoming an invader after being introduced to a new location, as well as global and regional patterns and trends among invaders, especially on islands. One recent focus has been the use of screening systems and bioinfomatics to identify species that pose high risks of becoming pests.

Selected Publications

  • Hibit, J., and  C.C. Daehler. 2019. Long-term decline of native tropical dry forest remnants in an invaded Hawaiian landscape. Biodiversity and Conservation  28: 1699-1716.
  • Larrue  S., J‐F. Butaud  C.C. Daehler  S. Ballet J. Chadeyron and R. Oyono. 2018. Persistence at the final stage of volcanic island ontogeny: Abiotic predictors explain native plant species richness on 111 remote Pacific atolls. Ecology and Evoluion. 8:12208–12220.
  • Zenni, R.D., A.B. SampaioY.P. Lima, M. Pessoa-Filho, T.C.L. Lins, V.R. Pivello, and C.C. Daehler. 2018. Invasive Melinis minutiflora outperforms native species, but the magnitude of the effect is context-dependent. Biological Invasions 21: 657–667.
  • Jones, C.A.  and C.C. Daehler 2018. Herbarium specimens can reveal impacts of climate change on plant phenology; a review of methods and applications. PeerJ 6:e4576
  • Lurie, M.H.; Barton, K.E.; Daehler, C.C. 2017.  Pre-damage biomass allocation and not invasiveness predicts tolerance to damage in seedlings of woody species in Hawaii. Ecology 98: 3011-3021.   doi: 10.1002/ecy.2031
  • Kuppler, J.s; Hoefers, M.K.; Trutschnig, W.; Bathke, A.C.; Eiben, J.A.; Daehler, C.C.; Junker, R.R. 2017 . Exotic flower visitors exploit large floral trait spaces resulting in asymmetric resource partitioning with native visitors. Functional Ecology  31: 2244-2254   doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12932
  • Koide, D., Yoshida, K., Daehler, C.C.,  Mueller-Dombois, D. 2017. An upward elevation shift of native and non-native vascular plants over 40years on the island of Hawai’i Journal of Vegetation Science 28: 939-950. DOI:10.1111/jvs.12549
  • Petitpierre, B., Broennimann, O.; Kueffer, C.; Daehler, C.; Guisan, A. 2017. Selecting predictors to maximize the transferability of species distribution models: lessons from cross-continental plant invasions Global Ecology and Biogeography  26: 275-287. DOI:10.1111/geb.12530
  • Alexander, J.M., Lembrechts, J.J., Cavieres, L.A., Daehler, C.; Haider, S., Kueffer, C., Liu, G., McDougall, K., ; Milbau, A.,  Pauchard, A., Rew, L.J..,and Seipel, T. Plant invasions into mountains and alpine ecosystems: current status and future challenges. Alpine Botany  126: 89-103. DOI:10.1007/s00035-016-0172-8
  • Bufford, J.L.; Lurie, M.H.; Daehler, C.C.2016. Biotic resistance to tropical ornamental invasion. Journal of Ecology  104: 518-530. DOI:10.1111/1365-2745.12534
  • Larrue, S., C.C. Daehler, J-Y. Meyer, R. Pouteau, O. Voldoire 2016. Elevational distribution and photosynthetic characteristics of the invasive tree Spathodea campanulata on the island of Tahiti (South Pacific Ocean). NeoBiota 30: 127-149. doi: 10.3897/neobiota.30.8201.