Initial Site Studies for the Pacific-Asia Biodiversity Transect: Two Sites in the Hawaiian Archipelago

S. M. Gon III with Jim Juvik

The Nature Conservancy of Hawai`i
Honolulu, Hawai`i, USA

The Hawaiian archipelago has been proposed as the northeast anchor for The Pacific-Asia Biodiversity Transects (PABITRA). Two sites in the Hawaiian Archipelago are particularly well-suited for inclusion in the Pacific-Asia Biodiversity Transect because of a combination of biodiversity significance, existing connections with indigenous practices, a substantial body of previous scientific data collection regarding biological diversity, landowner cooperation, and ongoing commitments for monitoring. The sites are 1) Waiahole-Waikane watershed on the island of O`ahu (a major population center in the archipelago) and 2) Kapunakea ahupua‘a (indigenous land unit) on the island of Maui (a protected watershed actively managed for biodiversity preservation). Both offer vertical transect potential from montane-submontane to coastal-lowland and include transitions from native-dominated vegetation at their apices, to alien-dominated lower reaches. Background information presented here includes site description and reviews as background documents and prerequisites for PABITRA transect work. It provides for each of the two sites, a summary of available data on geographic setting, geology, weather/climate, soils, flora and fauna, vegetation and other ecosystems (e.g., streams), land use history, and current status. The conclusion is that inclusion of these sites will help realize both the horizontal and vertical transect goals of the PABITRA concept.


Abstract from: XIX Pacific Science Congress, July 4-9, 1999, Sydney, Australia.

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Last Updated: 11/26/99