H (Hawai'i) -- Actual ecological or economic impacts by this species
in Hawai'i have been documented from published information . Information sources are provided in the
HP-WRA spreadsheet. Minimally, a species
given the H (Hawai'i) designation has met one of the following criteria:
statements by at least two experts having field experience in Hawai'i indicated that the species
has caused major ecological or economic harm in Hawai'i.
- A published
statement by one expert having field experience in Hawai'i indicated that the
species has caused major ecological or economic harm AND published information
indicates that this species has been the target of active control efforts in
expert with field experience in Hawaii has published a description of specific
harm caused by the plant in Hawai'i (including location(s) where the problem was
observed), AND the description appears to meet minimal criteria for significant
harm, as defined by the Hawaii
Exotic Plant Evaluation Protocol (HEPEP).