Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment [HP-WRA] is a research project by Curt Daehler (University of Hawaii) and Julie Denslow (USDA Forest Service) that has been supported by funding from the USDA Forest Service and from the Hawaii Division of Forestry and Wildlife Urban and Community Forestry program.  The WRA scoring system was originally developed in Australia and New Zealand for the evaluation of plants being imported. The intent of the HP-WRA research project is to identify plants that pose a high weed risk in Hawaii and other Pacific Islands.

The HP-WRA score does not measure actual invasiveness or economic or ecological harm in the field. Rather, a designation of H(HPWRA) is a prediction that a species will become invasive . The HP-WRA does not measure species benefits in terms of economic, ecological, public health, medicinal, historic, community, cultural, tourism, and esthetic value; nor does it determine if a suitable alternative species exists. 


The HP-WRA only considers published information on invasiveness in Hawaii or elsewhere and it does not include an actual "in-the field" evaluation of current impacts in Hawaii. Another evaluation protocol called the Hawaii Exotic Plant Evaluation Protocol (HEPEP) is being developed to provide a current field evaluation of species that have been designated H(HPWRA).

The HP-WRA ratings have no regulatory authority and the HP-WRA "list" is not an official State list of invasive plants. By statute, the Hawaii Department of Agriculture is solely responsible for determining which plant and animal species are prohibited or permitted into the State (Hawaii Administrative Rules 4:68:1 - 'Noxious Weed Rules'). To determine which species are prohibited in Hawaii, please consult the official State of Hawaii List of Plant Species Designated as Noxious Weeds.

WRA designation   Meaning
L   Not currently recognized as invasive in Hawaii, and not likely to have major ecological or economic impacts on other Pacific Islands based on the HP-WRA screening process
L(Hawai'i) Not currently recognized as invasive in Hawaii based on a track record of not becoming naturalized despite being widely planted in Hawaii for at least 40 years. 
H(HPWRA) Likely to be invasive in Hawaii and on other Pacific Islands as determined by the HP- WRA screening process., which is based on published sources describing species biology and behavior in Hawaii and/or other parts of the world.
H(Hawai'i) Documented to cause significant ecological or economic harm in Hawaii, as determined from published information on the species' current impacts in Hawaii. [more details]
EVALUATE The species has been assessed using the HP- WRA system; however, no assessment of risk can be provided at this time because 1)important information is missing from the assessment or 2)the species possesses a combination of traits and characteristics that make its likely behavior difficult to assess using the WRA system. 



To download the full assessment for any species, please use our search interface.

Completed assessments sorted by DATE (most recent are at the top)

Date Preferred_species_name Common name WRA score WRA designation
7/2/2009 Lepidium virginicum Virginia pepperweed 17 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Fremontodendron californicum flannelbush 3 L
7/2/2009 Myrciaria cauliflora jaboticaba -2 L
7/2/2009 Myrcianthes fragrans Simpson stopper 0 L
7/2/2009 Melinis nerviglumis pink crystals 7 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Melaleuca bracteata river tea-tree 10 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Megaskepasma erythrochlamys red cloak -2 L
7/2/2009 Petroselinum crispum parsley -1 L
7/2/2009 Lupinus albifrons silver lupine 5.5 Evaluate
7/2/2009 Phyllanthus acidus gooseberry-tree 4 L
7/2/2009 Lepidium africanum African pepperwort 10 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Lagerstroemia tomentosa leza wood -2 L
7/2/2009 Kaempferia galanga galanga 1 L
7/2/2009 Jatropha podagrica gout stalk 2 L
7/2/2009 Jasminum polyanthum winter jasmine 10 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Verbesina encelioides golden crown-beard 19 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Macrotyloma axillare perennial horsegram 10 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Saritaea magnifica glowvine 1 Evaluate
7/2/2009 Tradescantia spathacea boat-lily 11 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Tagetes minuta Aztec marigold 20 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Syzygium polyanthum Indian bayleaf 7 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Streptosolen jamesonii marmalade bush 2 L
7/2/2009 Sterculia foetida Java olive 3 L
7/2/2009 Sterculia apetala Panama tree 4 Evaluate
7/2/2009 Persicaria chinensis Chinese knotweed 14 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Silybum marianum milk thistle 17.5 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Festuca arundinacea tall fescue 17.5 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Sambucus mexicana Mexican elderberry 9 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Rosa laevigata Cherokee rose 16 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Pyrrosia piloselloides dragons scale fern 6 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Pseudogynoxys chenopodioides Mexican flame vine 7 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass 14 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Pilea cadierei aluminum plant -5 L
7/2/2009 Sphagnum palustre peat moss 12.5 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Atractocarpus fitzalanii Randia 3 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Hibiscus sabdariffa roselle -3 L
7/2/2009 Acer rubrum red maple 8 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Achillea millefolium common yarrow 19 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Aesculus californica California buckeye 0 L
7/2/2009 Allamanda blanchetii purple allamanda 6 Evaluate
7/2/2009 Alyogyne huegelii lilac hibiscus 0 L
7/2/2009 Cestrum elegans crimson cestrum 18 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Asclepias physocarpa milkweed 8 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Chenopodium carinatum Tasmanian goosefoot 9 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Azadirachta indica neem 10 H (HPWRA) [updated 2July 2009]
7/2/2009 Basella alba Malabar spinach 8 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Bidens alba beggar's-tick 12 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Bidens pilosa Spanish needle 23 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Boesenbergia rotunda Chinese-keys 0 L
7/2/2009 Brunfelsia densifolia serpentine hill raintree -4 L
7/2/2009 Ambrosia psilostachya western ragweed 15 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Crateva religiosa spider tree 0 L
7/2/2009 Euphorbia cyathophora fire-on-the-mountain 7 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Escallonia rubra var. macrantha redclaws 4 Evaluate
7/2/2009 Erica lusitanica Spanish heath 20.5 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Erblichia odorata butterfly tree 0 L
7/2/2009 Elaeocarpus hainanensis Hainan elaeocarpus 1 Evaluate
7/2/2009 Derris elliptica tubaroot 7 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Bryophyllum tubiflorum chandelier plant 9 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Cuphea subuligera mauve cuphea 1 L
7/2/2009 Sorghum bicolor ssp. Drummondii shattercane 17.5 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Coccothrinax barbadensis Puerto Rico silver palm 2 Evaluate
7/2/2009 Clerodendrum glabrum Natal glorybower -1 L
7/2/2009 Cissus repens cissus 7 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Cirsium vulgare bull thistle 18.5 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Chrysopogon zizanioides (fertile) vetiver grass wild type 9 H (HPWRA)
7/2/2009 Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium pyrethrum 3 Evaluate
7/2/2009 Curcuma zedoaria rose turmeric -3 L
4/28/2009 Parkia speciosa petai -3 L
4/28/2009 Episcia dianthiflora lace flower vine -2 L
4/28/2009 Guzmania lindenii Guzmania 7 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Thevetia thevetioides giant Thevetia 1 L
4/28/2009 Hedera algeriensis Algerian ivy 4 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Tabernaemontana elegans warty toad tree -1 L
4/28/2009 Syngonium auritum five-fingers 1 L
4/28/2009 Strophanthus amboensis elephant vine 2 EVALUATE
4/28/2009 Stromanthe macrochlamys Stromanthe 0 L
4/28/2009 Ixora chinensis Chinese ixora -2 L
4/28/2009 Lophospermum erubescens creeping gloxinia 5 L
4/28/2009 Strelitzia nicolai bird-of-paradise-tree -1 L
4/28/2009 Nicotiana glauca tree tobacco 15 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Elaeis guineensis African oil palm 10 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Pongamia pinnata Indian beech 9 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Passiflora tarminiana banana poka 24 H (Hawai`i)
4/28/2009 Paulownia elongata Paulownia -1 L
4/28/2009 Phoenix dactylifera date palm 10 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Serianthes kanehirae ukall -5 L
4/28/2009 Ruttya fruticosa rabbit ears 1 EVALUATE
4/28/2009 Sabal mauritiiformis savannah palm -2 L
4/28/2009 Salsola kali Tumbleweed 18.5 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Senecio mandraliscae blue finger -3 L
4/28/2009 Senna spectabilis spectacular Cassia 11 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Macadamia integrifolia macadamia -1 L
4/28/2009 Alluaudia procera Madagascar ocotillo -7 L
4/28/2009 Erythrina sigmoidea none 6 EVALUATE
4/28/2009 Eucalyptus urophylla Timor mountain gum 4 L
4/28/2009 Koelreuteria elegans Chinese flame tree 8 H (HPWRA) [revised]
4/28/2009 Eucalyptus yarraensis yarra gum 1 L
4/28/2009 Excoecaria indica mock willow 1 EVALUATE
4/28/2009 Foeniculum vulgare fennel 19 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Frangula californica ssp. Californica coffeeberry 5 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Godmania aesculifolia cachillo -3 L
4/28/2009 Griffonia simplicifolia Griffonia 0 L
4/28/2009 Thymus vulgaris thyme 4 L
4/28/2009 Allium sativum garlic -4 L
4/28/2009 Dolichandrone spathacea mangrove trumpet-tree -5 L
4/28/2009 Balaka longirostris Mbalaka 0 L
4/28/2009 Bothriochloa bladhii Caucasian bluestem 19 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Callicarpa japonica Japanese beautyberry 5 EVALUATE
4/28/2009 Calotropis gigantea crownplant 15 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Cannabis sativa marijuana 8.5 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Centaurea melitensis yellow star thistle 18 H (HPWRA)
4/28/2009 Chamaesyce albomarginata rattle snake weed 3 L
4/28/2009 Cleistocactus baumannii firecracker cactus -4 L
4/28/2009 Colpothrinax wrightii barrel palm -2 L
4/28/2009 Cyamopsis tetragonoloba cluster bean -11 L
4/28/2009 Davallia fejeensis lacy hare’s-foot fern 6 L
11/23/2008 Prunus cerasifera cherry plum 8 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Andropogon glomeratus bushy bluestem 14 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Acacia holosericea candelabra wattle 4 EVALUATE
11/23/2008 Odontonema cuspidatum firespike 7 H (HPWRA)[revised]
11/23/2008 Melaleuca nesophila mauve honey-myrtle 8 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Rauvolfia vomitoria poison devil's pepper 11 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Senna bicapsularis Christmasbush 8 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Solanum capsicoides Cockroach berry 15 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Stenocarpus sinuatus wheel-of-fire -4 L (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Tetrastigma pubinerve Tetrastigma 8 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Tetrastigma voinierianum lizard plant 8 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Thunbergia laurifolia blue trumpet vine 11 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Typha latifolia common cattail 26 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Wallaceodendron celebicum banuyo 0 L (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Zantedeschia aethiopica Calla lily 15 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Haematoxylum campechianum logwood 8 H (HPWRA)[revised]
11/23/2008 Elaeocarpus angustifolius blue marble tree 4 EVALUATE
11/23/2008 Hygrophila polysperma East Indian swampweed 20 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Melaleuca styphelioides prickly-leaf teatree -2 L (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Haplophragma adenophyllum karenwood 0 L (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Carallia brachiata Corkwood 3 EVALUATE
11/23/2008 Carmona retusa Fukien tea 4 EVALUATE
11/23/2008 Cecropia obtusifolia trumpet-tree 10 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Clerodendrum macrostegium velvetleaf glorybower 8 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Passiflora quadrangularis giant granadilla 11 H (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Eleusine coracana finger millet 2 EVALUATE
11/23/2008 Bambusa lako Timor Black Bamboo -1 L (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Laccospadix australasica Atherton palm 1 EVALUATE
11/23/2008 Macaranga mappa bingabing 11 H (Hawai'i)
11/23/2008 Malpighia glabra wild crapemyrtle -5 L (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Melaleuca leucadendra broadleaved paperback -1 L (HPWRA)
11/23/2008 Digitalis purpurea foxglove 7.5 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Agrostis stolonifera carpet bentgrass 19 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Helianthus annuus sunflower 10.5 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Asparagus falcatus sicklethorn 11 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Linum usitatissimum flax 9.5 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Cissus nodosa Javanese treebine 8 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Cocos nucifera coconut palm -4 L
8/14/2008 Gymnostoma papuanum Gymnostoma 0 L
8/14/2008 Erythrina abyssinica Erythrina 5 L
8/14/2008 Lavatera maritima tree mallow -6 L
8/14/2008 Polypogon monspeliensis rabbitfoot grass 18 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Ricinus communis castorbean 21 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Brassica napus turnip 16 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Anthoxanthum odoratum sweet vernalgrass 11 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Calotropis procera small crownflower 15 H (HPWRA)
8/14/2008 Ipomoea quamoclit Cypress vine 14 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Carex muskingumensis Muskingum sedge 8 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Ardisia crenata coral ardisia 10 H (HPWRA) [revised 07/03/08]
7/3/2008 Angiopteris evecta giant fern 8 H (HPWRA) [revised 07/03/08]
7/3/2008 Casuarina equisetifolia iron wood 21 H (HPWRA) [revised 07/03/08]
7/3/2008 Costus woodsonii Indian-head ginger 11 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Casuarina glauca gray sheoak 20 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Buddleja asiatica Asian butterfly bush 9 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Agapanthus praecox common Agapanthus 12 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Pueraria montana var. lobata kudzu vine 24 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Pilea nummulariifolia creeping Charlie 0 L
7/3/2008 Pennisetum villosum feathertop 24 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Nassella tenuissima Mexican feather grass 24 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Medinilla scortechinii Medinilla 5 EVALUATE
7/3/2008 Caesalpinia ferrea Brazilian ironwood -3 L
7/3/2008 Luzula nivea snowy wood rush 4 L
7/3/2008 Agapanthus africanus lily of the Nile 2.5 L
7/3/2008 Chasmanthium latifolium northern sea oats 8.5 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Lagurus ovatus hare's tail grass 7 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Podocarpus chinensis maki -4 L
7/3/2008 Ailanthus altissima tree of heaven 21 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Alpinia zerumbet shell ginger 10 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Bouteloua aristidoides needle grama 9 H
7/3/2008 Cardiospermum grandiflorum showy balloonvine 18 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Heliocarpus popayanensis moho 7 H (HPWRA)
7/3/2008 Luzula sylvactica greater woodrush 7 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Panicum virgatum switchgrass 11 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Medinilla magnifica Malaysian orchid 8 H (HPWRA) [revised 5/12/08]
5/12/2008 Pennisetum petiolare petioled fountaingrass 7 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Allamanda cathartica golden trumpet Allamanda 8 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Hedera helix English ivy 10 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Fraxinus uhdei tropical ash 11 H (HPWRA) [revised 5/12/08]
5/12/2008 Episcia cupreata flame violet 3 L
5/12/2008 Alstonia macrophylla deviltree 9 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Aristolochia ringens gaping dutchman's pipe 4 EVALUATE
5/12/2008 Bambusa textilis weaver's bamboo -3 L
5/12/2008 Bauhinia hookeri white Bauhinia -4 L
5/12/2008 Ilex paraguariensis yerba mate 8 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Canna indica African arrowroot 17 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Pittosporum resiniferum petroleum nut 6 EVALUATE
5/12/2008 Eragrostis elliottii blue lovegrass 12 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Euphorbia lathyris petroleum plant 9 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Mimusops caffra coastal red milkwood -1 L
5/12/2008 Calathea majestica -1 L
5/12/2008 Medinilla heterophylla 9 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Majidea zanguebarica black pearl tree -2 L
5/12/2008 Ochna serrulata Mickey Mouse plant 11 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Schizostachyum brachycladum sacred Bali bamboo -1 L
5/12/2008 Tabebuia berteroi Hispaniolan rosy trumpet tree -4 L
5/12/2008 Melica transsilvanica red spire 7 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Hamelia patens firebush 7 H (HPWRA)
5/12/2008 Wollastonia biflora Wedelia 0 L
4/3/2008 Simmondsia chinensis Jojoba -3 L
4/3/2008 Otatea aztecorum Mexican weeping bamboo 4 L
4/3/2008 Ochna thomasiana Mickey-mouse bush 8 H (HPWRA)
4/3/2008 Nastus elatus New Guinea Edible Bamboo 2 L
4/3/2008 Copaifera langsdorffii diesel tree 4 EVALUATE
4/3/2008 Bambusa glaucophylla Malay dwarf bamboo -3 L
4/3/2008 Bambusa chungii Emporer's blue bamboo -1 L
4/3/2008 Triadica sebifera Chinese Tallow 14 H (HPWRA)
1/24/2008 Ilex dimorphophylla Okinawan holly 2 L
1/24/2008 Gaura lindheimeri gaura 6 L
1/24/2008 Fagopyrum esculentum buckwheat -6 L
1/24/2008 Gmelina arborea gmelina 2 L
1/24/2008 Medinilla cummingii chandelier tree 6 EVALUATE
1/24/2008 Imperata cylindrica cogon grass 22 H (HPWRA)
1/24/2008 Myoporum laetum Ngaio 6 EVALUATE
1/24/2008 Phytolacca dioica ombu 9 H (HPWRA)
1/24/2008 Plectranthus prostratus pillow plant 5 L
1/24/2008 Solanum muricatum melon pear 5 L
1/24/2008 Mimosa tenuiflora jurema 7 H (HPWRA)
1/22/2008 Archontophoenix alexandrae Alexandra palm 8 H (HPWRA) [revised 1/22/08]
1/22/2008 Cestrum nocturnum night-blooming jasmine 17 H (HPWRA)
1/22/2008 Camellia sinensis tea -4 L
1/22/2008 Bunchosia argentea peanut butter fruit -3 L
1/22/2008 Beccariophoenix madagascariensis window palm -7 L
1/22/2008 Bambusa oldhamii Oldham's bamboo 1 EVALUATE
1/22/2008 Aphelandra aurantiaca fiery spike -2 L
1/22/2008 Archontophoenix cunninghamiana king palm 6 EVALUATE [revised 1/22/08]
1/22/2008 Citrus sinensis sweet orange -2 L
1/22/2008 Metrosideros kermadecensis Kermadec pohutukawa 3 EVALUATE
1/22/2008 Archontophoenix tuckeri peach creek palm 4 EVALUATE
1/22/2008 Echinochloa esculenta Japanese millet 8 H (HPWRA)
1/22/2008 Metrosideros excelsa New Zealand christmas tree 5 EVALUATE
1/22/2008 Pereskia aculeata Barbados gooseberry 13 H (HPWRA)
1/22/2008 Pereskia grandifolia rose cactus 0 L
1/22/2008 Pereskia lychnidiflora arbol del matrimonio -1 L
1/22/2008 Rosa multiflora multiflora rose 12 H (HPWRA)
1/22/2008 Saccharum spontaneum wild sugarcane 17 H (HPWRA)
1/22/2008 Ulmus pumila Siberian elm 9 H (HPWRA)
1/22/2008 Lycium chinense Chinese desert-thorn 8 H (HPWRA)
3/9/2007 Pleiostachya pruinosa prayer plant 2 L
3/9/2007 Dolichos lablab lablab bean -1 L
3/9/2007 Costus dubius costus 8 H (HPWRA)
3/9/2007 Axonopus fissifolius. carpet grass 16 H (HPWRA)
3/9/2007 Eucalyptus globulus blue gum 10 H (HPWRA)
3/9/2007 Ficus natalensis Natal fig 1 EVALUATE
3/9/2007 Roystonea oleracea cabbage palm -3 L
3/9/2007 Schefflera taiwaniana umbrella plant 1 EVALUATE
3/9/2007 Sequoia sempervirens California redwood -4 L
3/9/2007 Stromanthe tonckat stromanthe 1 L
3/9/2007 Chrysopogon zizanioides 'Sunshine' vetiver grass "sunshine" -8 L
3/9/2007 Prunus grisea amongyang 2 EVALUATE
12/21/2006 Tibouchina herbacea cane tibouchina 24 H (HPWRA)
12/21/2006 Euterpe oleracea assai 5 EVALUATE
12/21/2006 Crotalaria juncea Indian hemp -3 L
12/21/2006 Ilex cassine Dahoon holly 3 EVALUATE
12/21/2006 Kalanchoe tomentosa panda plant 4 L
12/21/2006 Pennisetum glaucum variety 'purple majesty' ornamental pearl millet 3 L
12/21/2006 Rubus discolor Himalayan blackberry 24 H (HPWRA)
12/21/2006 Schizachyrium condensatum bush beardgrass 8 H (HPWRA)
12/21/2006 Tibouchina granulosa purple glory bush 1 L
12/21/2006 Tibouchina multiflora today-tomorrow tibouchina -4 L
12/21/2006 Topobea parasitica Topobea 3 H (HPWRA)
12/21/2006 Cissus rotundifolia Venezuelan treebine 9 H (HPWRA)
12/21/2006 Acmella grandiflora Acmella 0 L
12/21/2006 Terminalia myriocarpa East Indian almond -2 L
11/2/2006 Arundo donax Arundo 12 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Dasylirion acrotrichum green desert spoon 0 L
11/2/2006 Eucalyptus pellita red mahogany 3 L
11/2/2006 Eucalyptus saligna sydney blue gum 7 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Eucalyptus sideroxylon black ironbark, 2 L
11/2/2006 Eucalyptus dunnii Dunn's white gum 0 L
11/2/2006 Eucalyptus torelliana blood-leaf gum 4 EVALUATE
11/2/2006 Eucalyptus cloeziana Queensland messmate -1 L
11/2/2006 Euphorbia amygdaloides variety ‘Efanthia’ wood spurge 12 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Dypsis decaryi triangle palm -7 L
11/2/2006 Cupressus lusitanica Mexican cypress 6 L
11/2/2006 Cortaderia jubata Andean pampas grass 26 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Ceiba pentandra kapok tree 2 L
11/2/2006 Cedrela odorata Spanish cedar 2 EVALUATE
11/2/2006 Carpentaria acuminata Carpentaria palm -5 L
11/2/2006 Bauhinia binata unknown -1 L
11/2/2006 Hibiscus immaculatus Koki'o Ke'oke'o -3 L
11/2/2006 Acacia mangium mangium 8 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Acacia stenophylla shoestring acacia 2 L
11/2/2006 Afrocarpus falcatus bastard yellow wood 0 L
11/2/2006 Albizia guachapele chime tree -4 L
11/2/2006 Aleurites moluccana kukui 12 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Cortaderia selloana pampas grass 24 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Bauhinia purpurea purple bauhinia 7 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Morinda citrifolia noni 10 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Thespesia populnea milo 9 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Mangifera indica mango 1 L
11/2/2006 Rondeletia amoena Rondeletia -2 L
11/2/2006 Mascagnia macroptera yellow butterfly vine 6 EVALUATE
11/2/2006 Mecardonia procumbens 'Goldflake' baby jump-up 7 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Santalum album Indian sandalwood -3 L
11/2/2006 Rubus rosifolius thimbleberry 10 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Pandanus pygmaeus small screwpine 0 L
11/2/2006 Pseuderanthemum graciliflorum blue crossandra 1 L
11/2/2006 Sesbania sesban Egyptian riverhemp 11 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Oxera pulchella royal vine -1 L
11/2/2006 Melaleuca incana var. prostrata prostrate gray honey myrtle 0 L
11/2/2006 Tecoma alata cahuato -3 L
11/2/2006 Salicornia virginica Virginia pickleweed 4 L
11/2/2006 Polyalthia longifolia var pendula mast tree -4 L
11/2/2006 Pritchardia thurstonii Thurstons Fan Palm -4 L
11/2/2006 Syzygium malaccense mountain apple 0 L
11/2/2006 Tabebuia aurea silver trumpet tree 3 L
11/2/2006 Hymenea courbaril west indian locust 0 L
11/2/2006 Tabebuia rosea rosie trumpet tree 3 EVALUATE
11/2/2006 Tabebuia impetiginosa mauve tabebuia -2 L
11/2/2006 Microsorum musifolium crocodile fern 5 L
11/2/2006 Hibiscus insularis Philip Island hibiscus -3 L
11/2/2006 Macroptilium bracteatum burgundy bean -1 L
11/2/2006 Lysimachia fortunei variety super snow Lysimachia 8 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Piper methysticum kava -4 L
11/2/2006 Wodyetia bifurcata foxtail palm 0 L
11/2/2006 Rubus ellipticus yellow Himalayan raspberry 18 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Jatropha curcas physicnut 17 H (HPWRA)
11/2/2006 Khaya nyasica East African mahogany -1 L
11/2/2006 Kopsia fruticosa shrub Vinca -6 L
11/2/2006 Lomandra longifolia 'tanika' fine leaf lomandra 1 L
11/2/2006 Kopsia singapurensis Singapore Kopsia -4 L
11/2/2006 Lophospermum scandens twining snapdragon -2 L
6/27/2005 Heliconia psittacorum parrot's beak 11 H (HPWRA)
6/27/2005 Falcataria moluccana albizia 8 H (HPWRA)
6/27/2005 Liriope spicata creeping lilyturf 7.5 H (HPWRA)
6/27/2005 Musa balbisiana Japanese fiber banana -2 L
6/27/2005 Corymbia citriodora lemon-scented gum 9 H (HPWRA)
6/27/2005 Eucalyptus paniculata grey ironbark 11 H (HPWRA)
6/27/2005 Ixora coccinea jungle flame 4 EVALUATE
6/27/2005 Alocasia cucullata dwarf elephant ear 9 H (HPWRA)
6/27/2005 Eucalyptus grandis rose gum 11 H (HPWRA)
6/27/2005 Gazania rigens var. leucolaena trailing gazania 9 H (HPWRA)
6/27/2005 Zizyphus mauritiana Indian jujube 9.5 H (HPWRA)
6/15/2005 Dianella caerulea cerulean flaxlily 5 EVALUATE
6/15/2005 Cymbopogon citratus lemongrass -2 L
6/15/2005 Pachystachys lutea yellow shrimp plant -4 L
6/15/2005 Cordia lutea yellow geiger -6 L
6/15/2005 Dasylirion quadrangulatum Mexican grass tree -4 L
6/8/2005 Holmskioldia tettensis purple Chinese hatplant -5 L
6/8/2005 Dianella revoluta spreading flax lily 2 L
6/8/2005 Saccharum officinarum sugar cane -2 L
6/8/2005 Beaumontia grandiflora Easter-lily-vine -6 L
6/8/2005 Strophanthus preussii climbing oleander 0 L
6/8/2005 Leucospermum bolusii Gordon's Bay pincushion -4 L
6/8/2005 Lagerstroemia indica L. X L. fauriei crepe myrtle hybrid 4 L
6/8/2005 Dianella tasmanica Tasman flax lily 0 L
5/17/2005 Trachelospermum jasminoides confederate jasmine -3 L
5/17/2005 Thunbergia mysorensis mysore clock vine -6 L
5/17/2005 Cyrtostachys renda sealing wax palm 1 EVALUATE
5/17/2005 Podranea ricasoliana pink trumpet vine 3 EVALUATE
5/17/2005 Copernicia prunifera carnauba wax palm 0 L
5/17/2005 Strongylodon macrobotrys jade vine -9 L
5/17/2005 Stigmaphyllon floribundum woolly Amazonvine -6 L
5/17/2005 Aechmea fasciata urn plant 2 L
5/17/2005 Aechmea blanchetiana orange blanchetiana 0 L
5/17/2005 Caryota mitis fishtail palm 1 EVALUATE
5/17/2005 Tristellateia australasiae Galphimia vine -3 L
5/17/2005 Poranopsis paniculata bridal bouquet -5 L
12/3/2004 Sansevieria trifasciata mother-in-law's tongue 9 H (HPWRA)
12/3/2004 Heliconia stricta small lobster claw 6 L
12/3/2004 Tillandsia cyanea pink quill -5 L
12/3/2004 Senecio cineraria dusty miller 2 L
12/3/2004 Acoelorraphe wrightii everglades palm 2 EVALUATE
12/3/2004 Serissa japonica serissa -10 L
12/3/2004 Albizia chinensis Chinese albizia 8 H (HPWRA)
12/3/2004 Cycas revoluta king sago -2 L
12/3/2004 Cyathea cooperi Australian tree fern 8 H (Hawai‘i)
12/3/2004 Thunbergia grandiflora blue trumpet vine 11 H (HPWRA)
12/3/2004 Hiptage benghalensis hiptage 8 H (HPWRA)
12/3/2004 Asparagus setaceus common asparagus fern 13 H (HPWRA)
12/3/2004 Lespedeza cuneata Chinese lespedeza 17 H (HPWRA)
12/3/2004 Bismarckia nobilis Bismarck palm -7 L
12/3/2004 Brahea armata blue hesper palm 3 L
12/3/2004 Turnera ulmifolia yellow alder 10 H (HPWRA)
12/3/2004 Otacanthus caeruleus Brazilian snapdragon -4 L
12/3/2004 Cissus discolor rex begonia vine 1 EVALUATE
12/3/2004 Mandevilla × amabilis pink allamanda hybrid -11 L
8/27/2004 Rhododendron indicum evergreen azalea 4 L (Hawai‘i)
8/27/2004 Ravenala madagascariensis traveller's palm 5 L (Hawai‘i)
8/27/2004 Nerium oleander oleander 6 L (Hawai‘i)
8/27/2004 Bauhinia variegata mountain ebony 9 L (Hawai‘i)
8/27/2004 Tecoma capensis Cape honeysuckle 6 L (Hawai‘i)
8/27/2004 Chlorophytum comosum spiderplant 8 L (Hawai‘i)
8/27/2004 Pterocarpus indicus Burmese rosewood 4 L (Hawai‘i)
8/27/2004 Dypsis lutescens areca palm 2 L (Hawai‘i)
8/27/2004 Eremochloa ophiuroides centipede grass 8 L (Hawai‘i)
8/27/2004 Etlingera elatior torch ginger 1 L (Hawai‘i)
8/12/2004 Pentalinon luteum wild allamanda 9 H (HPWRA)
8/12/2004 Cryptostegia madagascariensis Madagascar rubber vine 13 H (HPWRA)
8/12/2004 Philodendron scandens heart-leaf philodendron -3 L
8/12/2004 Ficus pumila creeping fig 2 L
8/12/2004 Passiflora vitifolia crimson passion flower -1 L
8/12/2004 Lonicera xheckrottii goldflame honeysuckle -5 L
8/12/2004 Mansoa hymenaea membranous garlic vine 0 L
8/12/2004 Beaumontia multiflora herald's trumpet -4 L
8/12/2004 Clitoria ternatea butterfly pea 9 H (HPWRA)
8/12/2004 Mansoa alliaceum garlic vine 0 L
8/12/2004 Dieffenbachia seguine (outdoors) dumbcane 7 H (HPWRA)
8/12/2004 Dichorisandra thyrsiflora blue ginger 1 L
8/12/2004 Ipomoea horsfalliae Kuhio vine 1 L
8/12/2004 Argyreia nervosa Hawaiian baby woodrose 1 L
8/6/2004 Alocasia sanderiana Kris plant -2 L
8/6/2004 Iresine herbstii blood leaf 0 L
8/6/2004 Crassula ovata jade plant -4 L
8/6/2004 Anthurium hoLeri birds nest Anthurium -6 L
8/6/2004 Buchloe dactyloides Amer buffalo grass 4.5 L
8/6/2004 Cuphea ignea Mexican cigar plant 3 L
8/6/2004 Cyperus involucratus umbrella sedge 17 H (HPWRA)
6/25/2004 Senecio madagascariensis fireweed 23 H (Hawai‘i)
6/25/2004 Prosopis juliflora thorny kiawe 19 H (HPWRA)
6/25/2004 Pennisetum setaceum fountain grass 26 H (Hawai‘i)
6/15/2004 Acalypha godseffiana Acalypha -7 L
6/15/2004 Sanchezia speciosa Sanchezia 3 L
6/15/2004 Rondeletia odorata Rondeletia -4 L
6/15/2004 Xanthosoma robustum elephant ear 3 EVALUATE
6/15/2004 Euphorbia milii crown of thorns 1 L
6/15/2004 Strelitzia reginae bird of paradise -3 L
6/1/2004 Paederia foetida maile pilau 21 H (Hawai‘i)
6/1/2004 Citrus aurantifolia lime 2 L
6/1/2004 Citrus x paradisi grapefruit -8 L
6/1/2004 Citrus maxima pummelo 0 L
6/1/2004 Adenium obesum desert rose -8 L
6/1/2004 Abelia x grandiflora glossy Abelia -13 L
6/1/2004 Citrus reticulata Mandarin orange -5 L
6/1/2004 Melastoma candidum Indian rhododendron 13 H (Hawai‘i)
6/1/2004 Pithecellobium dulce Madras thorn 14 H (HPWRA)
5/28/2004 Erythrina subumbrans December tree 5 EVALUATE
5/28/2004 Schefflera actinophylla octopus tree 13 H (Hawai‘i)
5/28/2004 Erythrina corallodendron coral bean tree 6 EVALUATE
5/28/2004 Calliandra surinamensis pink powderpuff -4 L
5/28/2004 Hedychium gardnerianum kahili ginger 16 H (Hawai‘i)
5/28/2004 Pseudomussaenda flava dwarf yellow Mussaenda -6 L
5/28/2004 Mussaenda frondosa flag bush -4 L
5/28/2004 Schinus terebinthifolius Christmas berry 19 H (Hawai‘i)
5/28/2004 Rubus argutus prickly Florida blackberry 21.5 H (Hawai‘i)
5/21/2004 Leucophyllum frutescens Texas ranger -3 L
5/21/2004 Eucalyptus salubris gimlet -3 L
5/21/2004 Eucalyptus stoatei scarlet pear gum -2 L
5/21/2004 Manihot esculenta cassava 3 L
5/21/2004 Kalanchoe beharensis velvet leaf 4 EVALUATE
5/21/2004 Calliandra calothyrsus calliandra 1 L
5/21/2004 Tibouchina urvilleana glory bush 10 H (HPWRA)
5/21/2004 Broussonetia papyrifera (Hawaiian seedless) paper mulberry 3 L
5/21/2004 Eucalyptus torquata coral gum -1 L
5/13/2004 Mussaenda erythrophylla red mussaenda 0 L
5/13/2004 Ficus deltoidea mistletoe fig 0 L
5/13/2004 Hyophorbe lagenicaulis bottle palm -3 L
5/13/2004 Lysiloma watsonii lysiloma -5 L
5/13/2004 Mussaenda philippica white mussaenda -3 L
5/13/2004 Leea guineensis Hawaiian holly -1 L
5/13/2004 Eranthemum pulchellum blue sage 0 L
5/11/2004 Dracaena fragrans corn plant 0 L
5/11/2004 Euphorbia leucocephala pascuita -2 L
5/11/2004 Lantana montevidensis trailing lantana 16 H (HPWRA)
5/11/2004 Chamaecrista nictitans partridge pea 0 L
5/11/2004 Hibiscus schizopetalus coral hibiscus -4 L
5/11/2004 Grewia occidentalis lavender star flower -3 L
5/11/2004 Pterocarpus dalbergioides Andaman redwood -3 L
5/11/2004 Sesbania punicea rattlebox 9.5 H (HPWRA)
5/4/2004 Filicium decipiens fern tree 1 EVALUATE
4/30/2004 Clerodendrum buchananii red clerodendrum 7 H (HPWRA)
4/30/2004 Lonicera japonica Japanese honeysuckle 12 H (HPWRA)
4/30/2004 Litchi chinensis lychee -6 L
4/30/2004 Bauhinia monandra pink orchid tree 7 H (HPWRA)
4/30/2004 Acacia crassicarpa northern wattle 7 H (HPWRA)
4/30/2004 Acacia parramattensis Parrmatta green wattle 9 H (HPWRA)
4/30/2004 Eucalyptus platypus round-leaved moort 0 L
4/30/2004 Eucalyptus caesia silver princess 0 L
4/30/2004 Eucalyptus cinerea silver dollar gum 4 L
4/30/2004 Corymbia ficifolia red-flowering gum -7 L
4/30/2004 Lotus berthelotti parrot's beak -1 L
4/30/2004 Eucalyptus gardneri blue mallet 0 L
4/30/2004 Desmanthus virgatus slender mimosa 12 H (HPWRA)
4/30/2004 Eucalyptus kruseana Kruse's mallee 0 L
4/30/2004 Spartium junceum Spanish broom 12 H (HPWRA)
4/27/2004 Senna surattensis kolomona 0 EVALUATE (Revised 04/27/04; Field reports from Hawai‘i indicate it may be a serious pest; HEPEC documentation in progress)
4/27/2004 Grevillea robusta silk oak 5 EVALUATE (Revised 04/27/04; Field reports from Hawai‘i indicate it may be a serious H; HEPEC documentation in progress)
4/27/2004 Pinus radiata Monterey pine 5 EVALUATE (Revised 04/27/04; Field reports from Hawai‘i indicate it may be a serious pest; HEPEC documentation in progress)
3/19/2004 Dalbergia retusa Nicaragua rosewood 0 L
3/19/2004 Latania loddigesii blue Latan palm -8 L
3/19/2004 Dalbergia latifolia East Indian rosewood 5 EVALUATE
3/19/2004 Dalbergia sissoo Indian rosewood 13 H (HPWRA)
3/19/2004 Livistona rotundifolia footstool palm -1 L
3/19/2004 Livistona chinensis Chinese fan palm 5 EVALUATE
2/27/2004 Hippeastrum puniceum Barbados lily 2 L
2/27/2004 Callistemon rigidus stiff bottlebrush 1 L
2/27/2004 Bauhinia x blakeana Hong Kong orchid tree -7 L
2/27/2004 Talipariti elatum blue mahoe 5 L
2/27/2004 Jasminum mesnyi primrose jasmine 2.5 L
2/27/2004 Hernandia ovigera Jack in the box tree -4 L
2/27/2004 Cerbera manghas pink-eyed Cerbera 1 L
2/27/2004 Brugmansia x candida angel's trumpet 2 L
2/20/2004 Lagerstroemia indica crape myrtle 6 L
2/20/2004 Kigelia africana sausage tree 0 L
2/19/2004 Dissotis rotundifolia dissotis 10 H (HPWRA)
2/19/2004 Pimenta racemosa bay rum tree 4 EVALUATE
2/13/2004 Tephrosia candida white tephrosia 8 H (HPWRA)
2/13/2004 Ulex europaeus gorse 20 H (Hawai‘i)
2/13/2004 Alnus nepalensis Nepalese alder -2 L
2/13/2004 Inga edulis ice cream bean 2 EVALUATE
2/13/2004 Mimosa diplotricha giant sensitive plant 24 H (HPWRA)
2/13/2004 Mimosa pigra catclaw mimosa 25 H (HPWRA)
2/13/2004 Inocarpus fagifer Polynesian chestnut -3 L
2/9/2004 Diphysa americana guachipelín 0 L
2/9/2004 Intsia bijuga kwila -6 L
2/9/2004 Heritiera littoralis loLing-glass tree -2 L
2/9/2004 Eugenia uniflora Surinam cherry 12 H (HPWRA)
2/9/2004 Salix babylonica Babylon weeping willow 9 H (HPWRA)
2/9/2004 Alphitonia zizyphoides toi 0 L
2/9/2004 Cussonia paniculata Mountain cabbage tree -7 L
2/9/2004 Cussonia spicata cabbage tree -5 L
2/9/2004 Schefflera elegantissima false aralia 0 L
2/9/2004 Aglaia odorata Chinese perfume plant -4 L
2/9/2004 Brexia madagascariensis Brexia -6 L
1/30/2004 Musa acuminata Cavendish banana -11 L
1/30/2004 Acacia longifolia Sidney goldern wattle 10 H (HPWRA)
1/30/2004 Acacia farnesiana sweet acacia 14 H (HPWRA)
1/30/2004 Yucca guatemalensis bluestem yucca 6 L
1/30/2004 Podocarpus macrophyllus Japanese yew -3 L
1/30/2004 Bucida buceras black olive -3 L
1/30/2004 Euphorbia cotinifolia red spurge -2 L
1/30/2004 Michelia x alba white champaca -6 L
1/30/2004 Punica granatum pomegranate 3.5 L
1/30/2004 Michelia figo banana shrub -5 L
1/30/2004 Catalpa longissima Jamaica oak 2 L
1/23/2004 Metroxylon amicarum Caroline ivory nut palm 0 L
1/23/2004 Carpobrotus edulis ice plant 9.5 H (HPWRA)
1/23/2004 Callistemon citrinus crimson bottlebush 0 L
1/23/2004 Tabebuia ochracea golden trumpet tree -3 L
1/23/2004 Euphorbia pulcherrima poinsettia -7 L
1/23/2004 Podocarpus gracilior African fern pine 0 L
1/23/2004 Coffea liberica Liberian coffee 1 EVALUATE
1/23/2004 Elaeodendron orientale false olive -1 L
1/23/2004 Dichrostachys cinerea sickle bush 16 H (HPWRA)
1/23/2004 Michelia champaca orange champaca -5 L
1/19/2004 Pachira aquatica Malabar chestnut -6 L
1/19/2004 Osteospermum fruticosum trailing African daisy 3 L
1/19/2004 Colvillea racemosa Colville's glory -8 L
1/19/2004 Plumeria obtusa evergreen frangipani -6 L
1/19/2004 Noronhia emarginata Madagascar olive 5 EVALUATE
1/19/2004 Syagrus romanzoffiana queen palm -2 L
1/19/2004 Cassia bakeriana pink shower tree -2 L
1/19/2004 Calophyllum inophyllum kamani 6 EVALUATE
1/19/2004 Callistemon viminalis weeping bottlebrush 3 L
1/19/2004 Asystasia gangetica Chinese violet 12 H (HPWRA)
1/19/2004 Brachychiton acerifolius Illawarra flame tree -5 L
1/19/2004 Bolusanthus speciosus wisteria tree -6 L
1/19/2004 Tamarix gallica saltcedar 8.5 H (HPWRA)
12/12/2003 Flindersia brayleyana Queensland Maple -3 L
12/12/2003 Polyscias fruticosa Ming Aralia -1 L
12/12/2003 Ficus lyrata fiddleleaf fig -5 L
12/12/2003 Ficus macrophylla Moreton bay fig 3 EVALUATE
12/12/2003 Dictyosperma album hurricane palm -3 L
12/12/2003 Epipremnum pinnatum pothos 9 H (HPWRA)
12/12/2003 Enterolobium cyclocarpum ear tree 3 L
12/12/2003 Ficus tikoua waipahu fig -3 L
12/12/2003 Ficus religiosa bodhi tree -4 L
10/1/2003 Aglaonema nitidum Aglaonema 0 L
10/1/2003 Tillandsia usneoides Spanish moss 9 H (HPWRA)
10/1/2003 Artocarpus heterophyllus jackfruit 1 L
10/1/2003 Artocarpus odoratissimus marang -3 L
10/1/2003 Araucaria heterophylla Norfolk Island pine -5 L
10/1/2003 Caesalpinia major yellow nicker 10 H (HPWRA)
10/1/2003 Ceratonia siliqua carob tree 0 L
10/1/2003 Aglaonema commutatum Aglaonema 1 L
10/1/2003 Bucida molinetii spiny black olive -3 L
10/1/2003 Caesalpinia bonduc nickerbean 12 H (HPWRA)
10/1/2003 Caesalpinia decapetala cat's claw 20 H (Hawai‘i)
10/1/2003 Cajanus cajan pigeon pea 0 L
10/1/2003 Andira inermis cabbage tree -3 L
8/20/2003 Salvinia molesta giant salvinia 29 H (Hawai‘i)
8/20/2003 Miconia calvescens Miconia 14 H (Hawai‘i)
8/20/2003 Plumbago auriculata cape leadwort 6 L
8/20/2003 Platycladus orientalis oriental arborvitae -6 L
8/20/2003 Malvaviscus penduliflorus Turk's cap -9 L
8/20/2003 Cordia subcordata kou -3 L
8/20/2003 Berchemia zeyheri pink ivory -3 L
8/20/2003 Curcuma longa tumeric -8 L
8/20/2003 Eucalyptus tereticornis forest red gum 5 L
8/20/2003 Hedychium coronarium white ginger 14 H (Hawai‘i)
8/11/2003 Miscanthus floridulus giant miscanthus 13 H (HPWRA)
8/11/2003 Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacaranda 1 L
8/11/2003 Pittosporum tobira Japanese pittosporum 3.5 EVALUATE
8/11/2003 Spathiphyllum cannifolium spathe flower -4 L
8/11/2003 Psidium guineense Brazilian guava 7 H (HPWRA)
8/11/2003 Maesopsis eminii umbrella tree 4 EVALUATE
8/11/2003 Leonotis nepetifolia annual lion's ear 19 H (HPWRA)
8/11/2003 Pyrostegia venusta flame vine 7 H (HPWRA)
8/11/2003 Washingtonia robusta Mexican fan palm 15 H (HPWRA)
8/11/2003 Parkinsonia aculeata Jerusalum thorn 20 H (HPWRA)
8/11/2003 Spathiphyllum wallisii peace lily -4 L
8/11/2003 Washingtonia filifera California fan palm 11.5 H (HPWRA)
8/11/2003 Macfadyena unguis-cati cat's claw vine 17 H (HPWRA)
8/11/2003 Murraya paniculata mock orange 6 EVALUATE
8/1/2003 Grevillea banksii red silk oak 8 H (HPWRA)
8/1/2003 Cinnamomum verum cinnamon tree 10 H (HPWRA)
8/1/2003 Calliandra haematocephala red powderpuff 2 L
8/1/2003 Cinchona pubescens red cinchona 9 H (Hawai‘i)
8/1/2003 Chorisia speciosa floss-silk tree -7 L
8/1/2003 Clerodendrum paniculatum pagoda flower 5 EVALUATE
8/1/2003 Duranta erecta golden dew drop 13 H (HPWRA)
8/1/2003 Eucalyptus crebra ironbark -1 L
8/1/2003 Eucalyptus intermedia bloodwood 1 L
8/1/2003 Cecropia peltata trumpet tree 9 H (HPWRA)
8/1/2003 Cinnamomum aromaticum chinese cinnamon -3 L
8/1/2003 Adansonia digitata baobab tree -6 L
8/1/2003 Jatropha gossypiifolia belly-ache bush 18 H (HPWRA)
8/1/2003 Hemigraphis alternata metallic plant 1 L
8/1/2003 Jatropha integerrima peregrina 0 L
7/15/2003 Senna siamea Siamese cassia 5 L
7/15/2003 Neonotonia wightii perennial soybean 7 H (HPWRA)
7/15/2003 Allocasuarina verticillata drooping she oak -5 L
7/15/2003 Paspalum conjugatum Hilograss 28 H (Hawai‘i)
7/15/2003 Paspalum notatum bahia grass 16 H (HPWRA)
7/15/2003 Pueraria phaseoloides tropical kudzu 17 H (HPWRA)
7/15/2003 Phormium tenax New Zealand flax 8 H (Hawai‘i)
7/15/2003 Indigofera suffruticosa wild indigo 11 H (HPWRA)
7/15/2003 Piper aduncum spiked pepper 18 H (HPWRA)
7/15/2003 Desmodium nicaraguense shrubby desmodium -2 L
7/15/2003 Khaya senegalensis dry zone mahogany 0 L
7/15/2003 Lantana camara lantana wildtype 21 H (Hawai‘i)
7/15/2003 Potentilla verna spring cinquefoil -2 L
7/15/2003 Toona ciliata Australian red cedar 2 EVALUATE
7/15/2003 Hypericum perforatum common St. Johnswort 12 H (HPWRA)
7/15/2003 Hypericum canariense Canary Island St. Johnswort 9 H (HPWRA)
7/15/2003 Pelargonium peltatum ivyleaf geranium 0 L
7/15/2003 Melaleuca quinquenervia paper bark tree 15 H (HPWRA)
7/15/2003 Hibiscus calyphyllus lemonyellow rosemallow 1 L
7/15/2003 Mucuna pruriens cowitch 7 H (HPWRA)
7/15/2003 Ajuga reptans common bugleweed 11 H (HPWRA)
7/15/2003 Stylosanthes scabra shrubby stylo 1 L
4/14/2003 Buddleja madagascariensis smokebush 7 H (Hawai‘i)
4/14/2003 Dillenia suffruticosa shrubby dillenia 3 EVALUATE
4/14/2003 Morella faya firetree 8 H (Hawai‘i)
4/14/2003 Asparagus densiflorus asparagus fern 15 H (HPWRA)
4/14/2003 Ficus carica cv. brownturkey common fig 2 L
4/14/2003 Flemingia strobilifera wild hops 3 EVALUATE
4/14/2003 Eucalyptus microcorys Australian tallowwood 1 L
4/14/2003 Buddleja davidii orange eye butterflybush 13 H (HPWRA)
4/14/2003 Eucalyptus robusta swamp mahogany 3 L
4/11/2003 Bixa orellana lipsticktree 1 L
4/11/2003 Dracaena marginata money tree -1 L
4/11/2003 Caesalpinia pulcherrima dwarf poinciana 5 L
4/11/2003 Gardenia taitensis Tahitian gardenia -4 L
4/11/2003 Citrus×Citrofortunella mitis calamondin 0 L
2/17/2003 Roystonea regia Florida royal palm 0 L
2/17/2003 Posoqueria latifolia monkey apple -2 L
2/17/2003 Ptychosperma elegans Alexander palm 2 EVALUATE
2/17/2003 Polygonum capitatum pink knotweed 13 H (HPWRA)
2/17/2003 Ruellia caroliniensis Carolina wild petunia 1 L
2/17/2003 Ptychosperma macarthurii Macarthur palm 1 H (HPWRA)
2/17/2003 Swietenia macrophylla large-leaf mahogany -2 L
2/11/2003 Phyla nodiflora matchweed 5 H (HPWRA)
2/11/2003 Macroptilium atropurpureum siratro 7 H (HPWRA)
2/11/2003 Phoenix roebelenii pygmy date palm -5 L
2/11/2003 Pinus elliottii slash pine 2 EVALUATE
2/11/2003 Acacia mearnsii Australian acacia 15 H (Hawai‘i)
2/11/2003 Peperomia obtusifolia baby rubberplant -4 L
2/11/2003 Peltophorum pterocarpum yellow flame -4 L
2/11/2003 Pilea microphylla rockweed 6 EVALUATE
2/11/2003 Acacia nilotica gum arabic tree 14 H (HPWRA)
11/20/2002 Bauhinia tomentosa yellow tree bauhinia -1 L
11/20/2002 Veitchia joannis Joannis palm -1 L
11/20/2002 Liriope muscari lilyturf 4.5 L
11/20/2002 Thrinax parviflora thatch palm -6 L
11/20/2002 Sophora tomentosa yellow necklacepod -3 L
11/20/2002 Saxifraga sarmentosa strawberry saxifrage 3 L
11/20/2002 Schizostachyum glaucifolium Hawaiian bamboo 0 L
11/20/2002 Desmodium umbellatum horse bush 5 L
11/20/2002 Aeschynomene americana American joint vetch 12 H (HPWRA)
11/20/2002 Lolium multiflorum annual ryegrass 9 H (HPWRA)
11/20/2002 Crinum asiaticum Crinum lily -4 L
11/20/2002 Saraca indica AshLa tree -7 L
11/20/2002 Arachis glabrata perennial peanut -1 L
11/20/2002 Indigofera teysmannii neel 0 L
11/20/2002 Tephrosia purpurea pila 7 H (HPWRA)
11/20/2002 Cupaniopsis anacardioides carrotwood 6 EVALUATE
11/20/2002 Chamelaucium uncinatum Geraldton wax -2.5 L
11/20/2002 Paulownia tomentosa princess tree 9 H (HPWRA)
11/20/2002 Paulownia fortunei empress diamond 1 L
11/20/2002 Schotia brachypetala elephant hedge bean tree 0 L
11/20/2002 Lophostemon confertus Brisbane box -3 L
11/20/2002 Veitchia montgomeryana Montgomery palm -1 L
11/20/2002 Tacca leontopetaloides Polynesian arrowroot 0 L
11/20/2002 Alpinia purpurata red ginger 4 EVALUATE
11/20/2002 Veitchia winin Winin palm -4 L
11/20/2002 Ficus rubiginosa Port Jackson fig 7 H (HPWRA)
10/8/2002 Aspidistra elatior cast iron plant -1 L
10/8/2002 Ficus microcarpa Chinese banyon 10 H (HPWRA)
10/8/2002 Cassia grandis pink shower tree -5 L
10/7/2002 Zamia furfuracea cardboard plant -2 L
10/7/2002 Acacia melanoxylon Australian blackwood 12 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Veitchia merrillii Manila palm -2 L
10/7/2002 Pyracantha angustifolia narrowleaf firethorn 13 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Zingiber zerumbet shampoo ginger -1 L
10/7/2002 Zoysia japonica Korean lawngrass 6 L
10/7/2002 Sphagneticola trilobata wedelia 13 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Tabebuia donnell-smithii gold tree -4 L
10/7/2002 Syngonium podophyllum arrowhead plant 15 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Swietenia mahagoni West Indian mahogany -6 L
10/7/2002 Samanea saman monkeypod tree 4 L
10/7/2002 Stylosanthes guianensis stylo 11 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Stenotaphrum secundatum St. Augustine grass 15 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Tetrazygia bicolor Florida clover ash 3 EVALUATE
10/7/2002 Spondias dulcis wi apple -5 L
10/7/2002 Tamarindus indica tamarind -3 L
10/7/2002 Spathodea campanulata African tulip tree 14 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Solanum seaforthianum Brazilian nightshade 9 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Solandra maxima cup of gold 3 EVALUATE
10/7/2002 Sesbania grandiflora agati 2 L
10/7/2002 Senna alata candle bush 10 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Schinus molle Peruvian pepper tree 10 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Acalypha hispida chenille plant 2 L
10/7/2002 Theobroma cacao cocoa -5 L
10/7/2002 Tipuana tipu tipu tree 0 L
10/7/2002 Acacia confusa Formosan koa 10 H (Hawai‘i)
10/7/2002 Acacia auriculiformis Darwin Black Wattle 13 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Thunbergia erecta bush thunbergia -2 L
10/7/2002 Rhaphiolepis indica Indian hawthorn 3 L
10/7/2002 Rhaphis excelsa lady palm 0 L
10/7/2002 Tabebuia heterophylla pink trumpet-tree 1 L
10/7/2002 Rhodomyrtus tomentosa rose myrtle 8 H (Hawai‘i)
10/7/2002 Russelia equisetiformis fire cracker plant -2 L
10/7/2002 Stemmadenia litoralis lecheso -5 L
10/7/2002 Terminalia catappa tropical almond 4 L
10/7/2002 Schefflera arboricola dwarf umbrella-tree 3 EVALUATE
10/7/2002 Tectona grandis teak -5 L
10/7/2002 Tecoma stans yellow bells 8 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Tamarix aphylla Athel tamarisk 13 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Tournefortia argentea tree heliotrope -1 L
10/7/2002 Thevetia peruviana be-still tree 9 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Centrosema pubescens centro 11 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Leucaena leucocephala leucaena 15 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Cordia sebestena geiger tree -1 L
10/7/2002 Coprosma repens creeping mirrorplant 1 L
10/7/2002 Conocarpus erectus button mangrove 4 L
10/7/2002 Coffea arabica coffee 2 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Codiaeum variegatum croton -4 L
10/7/2002 Cochlospermum vitifolium buttercup tree -4 L
10/7/2002 Coccoloba uvifera sea grape -5 L
10/7/2002 Coccinia grandis ivy gourd 21 H (Hawai‘i)
10/7/2002 Clusia rosea autograph tree 5 EVALUATE
10/7/2002 Clerodendrum quadriloculare bronze leaved clerodendrum 11 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Citrus limon lemon -3 L
10/7/2002 Citharexylum spinosum fiddlewood 7 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Cotoneaster pannosus silverleaf cotoneaster 7 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Carissa grandiflora Natal plum -1 L
10/7/2002 Brachiaria mutica para grass 12 H (Hawai‘i)
10/7/2002 Breynia disticha snow bush -5 L
10/7/2002 Calopogonium mucunoides calapo 6 L
10/7/2002 Cananga odorata perfume tree 3 L
10/7/2002 Capsicum frutescens wild pepper 5 L
10/7/2002 Cinnamomum camphora camphor tree 14 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Carica papaya papaya 2 L
10/7/2002 Chrysophyllum oliviforme satin leaf 7 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Cassia fistula golden shower tree 3 L
10/7/2002 Cassia javanica pink shower tree -1 L
10/7/2002 Cassia xnealiae rainbow shower tree -8 L
10/7/2002 Casuarina cunninghamiana cunninghamia beefwood 12 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Catharanthus roseus Madagascar periwinkle 2 L
10/7/2002 Crescentia cujete calabash tree -8 L
10/7/2002 Cardiospermum halicacabum baloon vine 12 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Holmskioldia sanguinea Chinese hatplant -1 L
10/7/2002 Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Chinese hibiscus -2 L
10/7/2002 Hernandia sonora toporite -5 L
10/7/2002 Heliconia caribaea lobster claw -1 L
10/7/2002 Harpullia pendula tulipwood -4 L
10/7/2002 Guaiacum officinale lignum vitae -6 L
10/7/2002 Graptophyllum pictum caricature-plant -5 L
10/7/2002 Gliricidia sepium mother of cocoa -3 L
10/7/2002 Gardenia jasminoides Cape jasmine 0 L
10/7/2002 Galphimia gracilis slender goldshower -2 L
10/7/2002 Flemingia macrophylla Flemingia 4 L
10/7/2002 Ficus elastica Indian rubberplant -5 L
10/7/2002 Ficus benjamina weeping fig 4 EVALUATE
10/7/2002 Ficus benghalensis Indian banyon 3 L
10/7/2002 Zoysia tenuifolia templegrass -2 L
10/7/2002 Impatiens balsamina balsam impatens 5 EVALUATE
10/7/2002 Cryptomeria japonica Japanese cedar -3 L
10/7/2002 Cuphea hyssopifolia false heather 5 L
10/7/2002 Delairea odorata German ivy 14 H (Hawai‘i)
10/7/2002 Delonix regia royal poinciana -1 L
10/7/2002 Dracaena draco dragon tree -5 L
10/7/2002 Fagraea berteroana pua keni keni -1 L
10/7/2002 Elaeagnus umbellata autumn olive 13 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Evolvulus glomeratus blue daze 0 L
10/7/2002 Erigeron karvinskianus Mexican daisy 11 H (Hawai‘i)
10/7/2002 Eriobotrya japonica loquat 0.5 EVALUATE
10/7/2002 Erythrina crista-galli cockspur coral tree 6 L
10/7/2002 Erythrina variegata coral tree -2 L
10/7/2002 Eucalyptus deglupta Indonesian gum 2 L
10/7/2002 Jasminum fluminense Brazilian jasmine 16 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Impatiens wallerana busy Lizzy 6 L
10/7/2002 Pimenta dioica allspice tree 7 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Moringa oleifera horse-raddish tree 1 L
10/7/2002 Muntingia calabura Jamaica cherry 12 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Nolina recurvata ponytail palm -4 L
10/7/2002 Olea europaea olive tree 5 EVALUATE
10/7/2002 Ophiopogon japonicus mondo grass 3 L
10/7/2002 Panicum maximum Guinea grass 17 H (Hawai‘i)
10/7/2002 Paspalum dilatatum Dallis grass 12 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Paspalum vaginatum seashore paspalum 7 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Passiflora edulis passion fruit 6 L
10/7/2002 Passiflora rubra red passionfruit 9 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Pennisetum clandestinum kikuyu grass 18 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Pennisetum purpureum elephant grass 16 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Persea americana avocado 3 L
10/7/2002 Bougainvillea glabra paperflower -1 L
10/7/2002 Polyscias guilfoylei panax 0 L
10/7/2002 Adenanthera pavonina peacock tree 7 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Agathis robusta Queensland kauri -5 L
10/7/2002 Albizia lebbeck woman's-tongue tree 7 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Psidium guajava common guava 21 H (Hawai‘i)
10/7/2002 Psidium cattleianum strawberry guava 18 H (Hawai‘i)
10/7/2002 Petrea volubilis sandpaper vine -1 L
10/7/2002 Pritchardia pacifica Fiji fan palm -4 L
10/7/2002 Photinia davidiana photina -2 L
10/7/2002 Polyscias filicifolia geranium aralia 0 L
10/7/2002 Podocarpus elatus plum pine -2 L
10/7/2002 Plumeria rubra frangipani -5 L
10/7/2002 Pittosporum viridiflorum Cape cheesewood 3 EVALUATE
10/7/2002 Pittosporum undulatum Australian cheesewood 7 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Monstera deliciosa swiss-cheese plant 1 L
10/7/2002 Pseudobombax ellipticum shavingbrush tree -2 L
10/7/2002 Artabotrys hexapetalus climbing ylang-ylang -1 L
10/7/2002 Montezuma speciosissima maga -1 L
10/7/2002 Aptenia cordifolia hearts and flowers 5 L
10/7/2002 Arachis pintoi perenial peanut -1 L
10/7/2002 Araucaria columnaris CoLs pine -5 L
10/7/2002 Jasminum multiflorum star jasmine 2 L
10/7/2002 Annona squamosa sugar apple -2 L
10/7/2002 Areca catechu betel nut palm -4 L
10/7/2002 Annona muricata soursop -3 L
10/7/2002 Artocarpus altilis breadfruit -12 L
10/7/2002 Averrhoa carambola starfruit -1 L
10/7/2002 Axonopus compressus broadleaf carpet grass 15 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Bambusa vulgaris common bamboo 5 L
10/7/2002 Barringtonia asiatica sea putat -8 L
10/7/2002 Acalypha wilkesiana beefsteak plant -2 L
10/7/2002 Ardisia elliptica shoebutton ardisia 11 H (Hawai'i)
10/7/2002 Leptospermum scoparium broom teatree 3 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Bischofia javanica bishopwood 7 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Merremia tuberosa wood rose 12 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Melia azedarach Chinaberry tree 14 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Magnolia grandiflora southern magnolia 0 L
10/7/2002 Ligustrum sinense Chinese privet 11 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Antigonon leptopus Mexican creeper 19 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Ligustrum japonicum Japanese privet 6 EVALUATE
10/7/2002 Montanoa hibiscifolia treedaisy 13 H (HPWRA)
10/7/2002 Lagerstroemia speciosa queen's crape myrtle -4 L
10/7/2002 Lagenaria siceraria bottle gourd 0 L
10/7/2002 Justicia brandegeeana shrimp plant -1 L
10/7/2002 Juniperus chinensis Chinese juniper -3 L
10/7/2002 Anacardium occidentale cashew tree 0 L
10/7/2002 Annona cherimola cherimoya -4 L
10/7/2002 Ligustrum lucidum Glossy privet 6 EVALUATE

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