[Brassaia actinophylla Endl.]
This fast-growing, evergreen tree with few branches reaches heights of 15 m. It is a shade tolerant plant capable of invading undisturbed forests. The seeds are dispersed by alien frugivorous birds. It is not tolerant of fire. It has not been evaluated for biological control.
It grows up to 1,000 m elevation in wet lowland habitats on all islands. There are major infestations in the northern valleys of Kaua'i, particularly Limahuli valley, and in Nu'uanu and Waiahole Valleys, O'ahu.