Phormium tenax J.R. & G. Forst.
New Zealand flax, New Zealand hemp

This rosette-like lily forms dense thickets from which other species are excluded. Man is probably the principal dispersal agent but granivorous birds cannot be completely discounted. Adaptation to fire is unknown, and it has not been evaluated for biological control.

The species is found principally in gullies in mesic areas below 300 m, e.g. Moloka'i, and the northern Hamakua coastline, Hawai'i.

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