|Heliocarpus popayanensis Kunth.|
This tall tree, planted extensively by foresters, has escaped into wet forests at low to mid elevations. The seeds are dispersed by wind. Its response to fire is unknown, and it has not been evaluated for biological control.
There are some potentially troublesome infestations at the base Kaua in the Wai'anae Mountains, and Manoa Valley, O'ahu, as well as Mountain View, Hawai'i.