University of Hawaii Botany Department

Non-Flowering Vascular Plant Families

(Lycophytes, Ferns and Their Allies, and Extant Gymnosperms)

(as treated by Judd et al.)

The presentation of families on this page is based on the phylogenetic outline of Judd et al. (2002) for those families included in their treatment.  Additional families (in green typeface) have been intercalated. Select a family for information and photos. This site was originally created for Botany 461, a plant systematics course offered by the Botany Department, University of Hawaii.  The full-sized images linked to thumbnail images on the subsequent pages are often in one of three formats: 600x400, 400x600, or 400x400 pixels. File sizes are mostly in the range of 50-350 kb (JPEG). If you are not familiar with this classification system, use the find or search feature of your browser to locate the family of choice on this page.

These materials are freely provided for instructional and educational purposes. Any duplication or publication of text or images herein for commercial gain without explicit written permission of the owner or photographer constitutes breach of trust and violation of copyright.
Gerald D. Carr

Last Addition: November 18, 2002


Lycopodiales Lycopodiaceae Selaginellaceae


Psilotales Ophioglossales Equisetales
Psilotaceae Ophioglossaceae Equisetaceae

Eusporangiate Ferns

Marattiales Marattiaceae

Leptosporangiate Ferns

Polypodiales Dennstaedtiaceae Gleicheniaceae Nephrolepidaceae Thelypteridaceae
Aspleniaceae Dicksoniaceae Grammitidaceae Polypodiaceae  
Athyriaceae Dryopteridaceae Hymenophyllaceae Pteridaceae  
Blechnaceae Elaphoglossaceae Marsileaceae Schizaeaceae  


Cycadales Cycadaceae Zamiaceae





Coniferales Cupressaceae Podocarpaceae
Araucariaceae Pinaceae Taxaceae



Gnetaceae Ephedraceae Welwitschiaceae


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