University of Hawaii Botany Department

Flowering Vascular Plant Families

The sequence of families on this page follows the phylogenetic outline of Judd et al. (2002) for those families included in their treatment.  Additional families (in green typeface) have been intercalated based on the outline provided by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG, 1998). Select a family for information and photos. This site was originally created for Botany 461, a plant systematics course offered by the Botany Department, University of Hawaii.  The full-sized images linked to thumbnail images on the subsequent pages are generally 600x400, 400x600, 400x400 pixels or larger. File sizes are mostly in the range of 50-350 kb (JPEG). If you are not familiar with this classification system, use the find or search feature of your browser to locate the family of choice on this page (or go to the alphabetical listing of families).

These materials are freely provided for instructional and educational purposes. Any duplication or publication of text or images herein for commercial gain without explicit written permission of the owner or photographer constitutes breach of trust and violation of copyright.
Gerald D. Carr

Last Addition: October 30, 2005


FAMILIES OF UNCERTAIN POSITION

Balanophoraceae Strasburgeriaceae

"BASAL FAMILIES"

Nymphaeales Austrobaileyales placement uncertain
Nymphaeaceae Illiciaceae Chloranthaceae

MAGNOLIID COMPLEX

Magnoliales Laurales Canellales Aristolochiaceae
Magnoliaceae Lauraceae Winteraceae Saururaceae
Annonaceae Calycanthaceae Piperales placement uncertain
Myristicaceae Hernandiaceae Piperaceae Ceratophyllaceae

MONOCOTS

Alismatales Asparagales Laxmanniaceae Commelinid Clade Poaceae
Araceae Asparagaceae Anthericaceae Arecales Flagellariaceae
Alismataceae Ruscaceae Asteliaceae Arecaceae Joinvilleaceae
Hydrocharitaceae Agavaceae Hesperocallidaceae Commelinales Zingiberales
Potamogetonaceae Hyacinthaceae Tecophilaeaceae Commelinaceae Zingiberaceae
Juncaginaceae Alliaceae Dioscoreales Haemodoraceae Marantaceae
Liliales Amaryllidaceae Dioscoreaceae Pontederiaceae Cannaceae
Liliaceae Asphodelaceae Burmanniaceae Hanguanaceae Costaceae
"Uvulariaceae" Iridaceae Taccaceae Poales Heliconiaceae
Colchicaceae Orchidaceae Pandanales Bromeliaceae Musaceae
Smilacaceae Agapanthaceae Cyclanthaceae Typhaceae Strelitziaceae
Melanthiaceae Hemerocallidaceae Pandanaceae Eriocaulaceae  
Trilliaceae Hypoxidaceae   Juncaceae  
Alstroemeriaceae Themidaceae   Cyperaceae  
Calochortaceae Xanthorrhoeaceae   Restionaceae  

EUDICOTS (TRICOLPATES)

"BASAL TRICOLPATES"

Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Papaveraceae Platanaceae Nelumbonaceae  
Menispermaceae Berberidaceae Proteales1 Proteaceae Buxaceae  

1Includes Platanaceae, Proteaceae, and Nelumbonaceae (Buxaceae not assigned to an order in this scheme)         

CORE EUDICOTS (CORE TRICOLPATES) 

Caryophyllid clade (includes Caryophyllales and Polygonales)

Caryophyllales

"Portulacaceae" Polygonales Santalales Core Eudicots of
Caryophyllaceae Cactaceae Droseraceae Loranthaceae Uncertain position
Phytolaccaceae Simmondsiaceae Polygonaceae Viscaceae Rafflesiaceae
Nyctaginaceae Basellaceae Plumbaginaceae "Olacaceae" Dilleniaceae
Amaranthaceae Didiereaceae Nepenthaceae "Santalaceae" Gunneraceae
Aizoaceae Molluginaceae Tamaricaceae    

Rosid Clade

Saxifragales Hamamelidaceae Haloragaceae Vitales

Geraniales

Saxifragaceae Altingiaceae Paeoniaceae

Vitaceae

Geraniaceae  

Crassulaceae Grossulariaceae  

Leeaceae  

 Melianthaceae

Eurosids I

Zygophyllales

Euphorbiaceae Ochnaceae Celtidaceae Fagales
Zygophyllaceae

Phyllanthaceae

Linaceae Moraceae Fagaceae

Oxalidales

Clusiaceae Dichapetalaceae Urticaceae Betulaceae
Oxalidaceae Rhizophoraceae Fabales Cannabaceae Casuarinaceae
Cunoniaceae Erythroxylaceae Fabaceae   Cecropiaceae Myricaceae
Connaraceae

Violaceae

Polygalaceae Elaeagnaceae Juglandaceae
Elaeocarpaceae

Passifloraceae

Surianaceae Cucurbitales  
Celastrales

Salicaceae

Rosales Cucurbitaceae  
Celastraceae

Achariaceae

Rosaceae Begoniaceae  

Malpighiales

Chrysobalanaceae

Rhamnaceae Coriariaceae  

Malpighiaceae

Turneraceae Ulmaceae Corynocarpaceae  

Eurosids II

Myrtales

Brassicales

Limnanthaceae

Muntingiaceae Simaroubaceae
Lythraceae  

Brassicaceae

Tropaeolaceae Sarcolaenaceae Anacardiaceae

Onagraceae

Bataceae

Malvales

Bixaceae

Burseraceae

Combretaceae

Caricaceae

Malvaceae

Sapindales

Sapindaceae

Myrtaceae

Moringaceae

Cistaceae

Rutaceae  

 

Melastomataceae

Resedaceae

Thymelaeaceae

Meliaceae  

Asterid Clade (Sympetalae)

Cornales

Ericales

Myrsinaceae

Lecythidaceae Styracaceae
Hydrangeaceae

Sapotaceae

Theaceae Polemoniaceae Theophrastaceae

Cornaceae

Ebenaceae

Ericaceae Balsaminaceae Marcgraviaceae

Loasaceae

Primulaceae

Sarraceniaceae

Fouquieriaceae  

Euasterids I

Garryales

Boraginaceae Apocynaceae Scrophulariaceae Lamiaceae  
Eucommiaceae Hydroleaceae Loganiaceae Orobanchaceae Buddlejaceae
Garryaceae

Lennoaceae1

Lamiales Bignoniaceae Myoporaceae

Solanales

Gentianales

Oleaceae Acanthaceae

Pedaliaceae

Solanaceae

Rubiaceae

Gesneriaceae

Lentibulariaceae

Globulariaceae

Convolvulaceae  

Gentianaceae

Plantaginaceae

Verbenaceae  

1Placement Uncertain

Euasterids II

Icacinaceae Apiales

Dipsacales

Asterales Goodeniaceae
Aquifoliales Apiaceae  

Caprifoliaceae 

Campanulaceae

Menyanthaceae
Aquifoliaceae Pittosporaceae

Adoxaceae

Asteraceae

Stylidiaceae

 


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