Campus Plants - Page 4

Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph.

Bougainvillea sp., Nyctaginaceae, bougainvillea, pukanawila. Large woody vine, native to Brazil, named after its discoverer, Louis de Bougainville, who discovered it at Rio de Janeiro. Probably the most common of the three species and many varieties in Hawaii is B. spectabilis (probably brought into Hawaii about 1827, by Father Bachelot). Location: Entrance to Newman Center, St. Francis; Castle Memorial Bldg. courtyard.
Brachychiton acerifolium, Sterculiaceae, flame tree. Large tree from Australia with maple-like leaves and large clusters of tubular scarlet flowers that usually appear during the leafless season. The bark yields useful fibers and gum. Location: Ewa of Henke, near makai-Ewa corner.
Brexia madagascariensis, Grossulariaceae, brexia. Tree from Madagascar with leathery leaves and clusters of greenish, five-parted flowers, each about 3/4 of an inch accross. Fringed appendages alternate with the stamens. Location: Mauka-Ewa corner of Sherman courtyard; makai side of Hemenway courtyard.
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Breynia disticha, Euphorbiaceae, snow bush, sweetpea bush. Shrub from the South Pacific, commonly used as hedge plant. One form has green and white mottled leaves; another form "roseo-picta" has leaves mottled with red, pink, white, and green. Location: Ewa planter of Sinclair, near University Ave.; near Newman Center entrance.
Broussonetia papyrifera, Moraceae, paper mulberry, wauke. Shrub or small tree, native to E. Asia. The bark was converted into the finest bark cloth (tapa or kapa) for skirts, capes, loin cloths, sandals, bed clothes, etc. Widely used by Pacific cultures. This species apparently flowers only rarely in Hawaii.  The male inflorescences illustrated here were produced in October on one of the plants in the Botany teaching garden.  Location: St. John courtyard.
Brownea coccinea, Caesalpiniaceae, scarlet flame bean. Small tree from tropical america with large clusters of bright orange-red flowers 6-8 inches in diameter borne mostly directly on the larger limbs. Location: Mauka-Ewa of Sinclair.
Brugmansia x candida, Solanaceae, angel's trumpet. Shrub or small tree from tropical America, introduced to Hawaii before 1875. One of possibly 3 or more taxonomically confused species cultivated in Hawaii. The entire plant is considered poisonous, causing delirium, convulsions, coma, and death. Location: Mauka-Diamond Head Corner of Sherwood.
Brunfelsia latifolia, Solanaceae, yesterday-today-and-tomorrow, kiss-me-quick. Shrub from tropical America, with fragrant flowers that change from violet to white over a three day period. Location: Art Bldg.; Ag. Eng. Bldg.
Caesalpinia ferrea, Caesalpiniaceae, Brazilian ironwood, tree considered desirable for street and park, planting, rare in Hawaii, introduced from Brazil.  Location: Between Sinclair and Hemenway.
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Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Caesalpiniaceae, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana. Prickly shrub or small tree from the West Indies with finely divided pinnate leaves; the flowers showy, red with yellow margins or all yellow. The green seeds may be eaten when cooked, and when ripe yield tannin and yellow (with alum) or black (with iron) dye. Location: St. John courtyard; between Krauss Pond and Dole St..
Calliandra calothyrsus, Mimosaceae, powderpuff. Shrub from Mexico and South America with red "powderpuff" clusters of flowers. Location: Makai side of Sherman courtyard, near walkway to St. John.
Callistemon citrinus, Myrtaceae, red bottle brush. This and the next species are popular small landscape tree from Australia with scarlet flowers. This species has stiffer branches with the flower clusters more erect than the weeping bottle brush mentioned below.  Location: Between Dean and Hemenway Halls.
Callistemon viminalis, Myrtaceae, weeping bottle brush.  This species has very flexuous branches with pendulous flower clusters.  Location: University Ave., near Business Administration.
Calophyllum inophyllum, Clusiaceae, kamani, Alexandrian laurel. An attractive, low branching tree from India and the W. Pacific. The somewhat poisonous kernel of the fruit yields "dilo oil," a thick, dark-green substance used medicinally and for lights. Location: Between George and Gartley Halls.
Calotropis gigantea, Asclepiadaceae, crown flower, pua-kalaunu. Large shrub from tropical Asia, with opposite, oval leaves that are wooly beneath. The white or lavender flowers have a small crown and are popular for leis. Used medicinally in Indonesia but reputed to be poisonous. Location: Mauka and makai of Edmonson; Ewa-mauka of HIG.

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