Campus Plants - Page 22

Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph.

Sanchezia speciosa, Acanthaceae, sanchezia. Shrub from Ecuador, grown for its handsome foliage and bright yellow-orange flowers. Location: Ewa of Hemenway; mauka-Ewa corner of Sinclair.
Sansevieria trifasciata, Agavaceae, bowstring hemp, mother-in-law's tongue. Stemless plant of questionable origin, perhaps from Africa or India, with one to a few vertical, stiff, succulent, swordlike, banded leaves about 1-4 feet long. Location: St. John courtyard; Ewa and Diamond Head of Hemenway.
Santalum sp., Santalaceae, sandalwood, 'ili-ahi. Shrubs or trees native in the region from India to Hawaii. These plants are partially parasitic through root connections to a variety of host plants. The aromatic wood is highly valued for construction of chests and boxes. The Hawaiians used the powdered wood as a perfume. The aromatic oil from the wood is also used for medicine and perfume. The first profitable export trade of the Hawaiian Kingdom was based on Sandalwood, during the years 1790 - 1840. Location: Hawaiian hiking trails; S. album, Lyon Arboretum; S. ellipticum, eroded cliffs above shoreline between lighthouse and overlook parking area, just below rd. around Diamond Head (ca. 30 ft above sea level); S. paniculatum, Lyon arboretum in natives section behind cannonball tree in middle terrace.
Sapindus oahuensis, Sapindaceae, lonomea; kaulu. Tree with tiny flowers and pointed leaves 3-10 inches long, endemic to Kauai and Oahu. Seeds about 3/4 inch in diameter, used medicinally and occasionally strung into lei. Location: St. John courtyard.
Scaevola sericea, Goodeniaceae, beach naupaka. Thick-stemmed native shrub occurring along beaches throughout the pacific. One of very few native plants that has found its way into nursery trade, used in landscaping. Location: St. John courtyard; Faculty Housing.
Schefflera actinophylla, Araliaceae, umbrella tree, octopus tree. Common ornamental tree from Australia with palmately compound leaves and red flowers on radiating stiff branches in pinwheels as the arms of an octopus. Location: Crawford Hall; Miller Hall; Ewa side of Krauss; makai-Ewa corner of Hemenway.
Semecarpus nigroviridis, Anacardiaceae, marking-nut tree. Species in this genus have a very caustic resinous sap that turns black and hardens upon exposure to air. The fleshy cup at the base of the fruit is reportedly edible when roasted.  Trees of this species planted near Hale Noelani caused an outbreak of severe dermatitis in 2000; they were subsequently cut down.  Location: loading dock at makai-Ewa corner of Sinclair.
Senecio confusus, Asteraceae, Mexican flame vine. Vine or floppy shrub from Mexico with bright orange or orange-red flowering heads about half an inch or more in diameter. Location: St. John courtyard.
Senna surattensis, Caesalpiniaceae, kolomona. Ornamental, everblooming shrub from Asia, with yellow flowers. Location: St. John courtyard; along fence mauka of Ag. Engr. and Gilmore; common along freeways.
Serjania exarata, Sapindaceae, supplejack. Woody vine from tropical America with tendrils and 3-winged fruits about an inch long. Location: Mauka side of Maile Way across from Farrington parking lot.
Sida fallax, Malvaceae, 'ilima. Native prostrate herb to erect shrub with yellow to rich orange to dull red flowers. Hawaiians used 'ilima for lei making; they are considered good luck for departing people. Formerly, Hawaiians used stems of large 'ilima plants for slats in building houses; flowers and roots for medicine. Location: St. John courtyard; Makai of Edmonson; beaches.
Solanum seaforthianum, Solanaceae, nightshade. Slender vine from tropical America with incised leaves, star-shaped, blue to puple flowers, and shiny red berries about 1 cm. in diameter. Naturalized in low elevation, disturbed sites. The genus contains several poisonous species in addition to the medicinal, indigenous S. americanum. Location: Brushy disturbed sites; Fence Mauka of Ag Eng Bldg; Diamond Head and Mauka of Newman Center, Ewa and Mauka of PBRC.
Sonchus oleraceus, Asteraceae, sow thistle, pualele. Herbaceous weed from from Europe with milky sap, weakly prickly-margined leaves, and pale yellow flowering heads that close early in the day. Location: Disturbed sites; the bank mauka of Biomed; the bank Diamond Head of PBRC.
Spathiphyllum x clevelandii, Araceae, spathiphyllum. Low ornamental plant of uncertain origin, with white bract and rough, cob-like spike. Related forms with green bracts may also be found in Hawaii. Location: Ewa court of Biomed; Andrews Amphitheater; near entrance of Hamilton; sidewalk makai of Sinclair; Porteus.

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