Campus Plants - Page 14

Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph.

Jasminum sambac, Oleaceae, pikake, Arabian jasmine. Shrub from India, with sweet-scented white flowers in single (pikake lahilahi), or double forms (pikake pupupu). Made into leis and perfume. A single lei strand takes about 80 flowers. In a good season a bush may yield up to 36 strands. The flowers are also used to flavor jasmine tea. National flower of the Philippines. Location: Makai end of middle section of Henke.
Jatropha integerrima, Euphorbiaceae, rose-flowered jatropha. Ornamental shrub from Cuba with showy red flowers. Location: Between Snack Bar and Maile Way.
Justicia betonica, Acanthaceae, white shrimp plant. Weak-stemmed ornamental shrub from Maylaya to tropical Africa, introduced to Hawaii fairly recently, now becoming a weed in several areas. Location: Diamond Head of Bachman; makai of Thrift Shop.
Justicia brandegeana, Acanthaceae, red shrimp plant. Weak stemmed shrub from Mexico, with red or pinkish flower bracts. Location: Andrews Amphitheater; Around Hawaii Curriculum Center office next to UH High School.
Kalanchoe pinnata, Crassulaceae, air plant. Succulent herb from tropical Africa and India; first reported in Ka'u in 1888; common in Honolulu by 1920; now growing wild in several locations. Well-known for the ease of vegetative propagation of plantlets along the leaf margins. Location: St. John courtyard.
Kigelia africana, Bignoniaceae, sausage tree. Medium-sized tree from tropical west Africa with large sausage-shaped woody fruits that dangle on long stems below the leafy branches. The large leathery flowers open in the evening and in its native habitat are visited by bats. Although not edible, the fruits are used in Africa as an external medication. Location: Along sidewalk mauka of Miller and Campus Center.
Koelreuteria formosana, Sapindaceae, golden-rain tree. An ornamental tree from Taiwan with bipinnate leaves and 3-lobed, pinkish papery capsule about two inches long. The first photos shows a portion of a female inflorescence on the left and male on the right.  The second photo shows a male flower on the left and a female flower on the right.  In the third photo the lower flower is functionally male.  Above and to the left, three developing pistils represent three female flowers. Location: near mauka-Diamond Head corner of Kuykendall.
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Kyllinga nemoralis, Cyperaceae, kili'o'opu. Small pantropical sedge naturalized in lowland Hawaii. Stems slender, triangular, about 5 inches or taller, with linear leaves and a globose white "flowering" head about 1/4 inch or less in diameter Location: Common in lawns all over campus.
Lagerstroemia speciosa, Lythraceae, giant crape myrtle. Large tree from India to Australia, sometimes planted as street tree in Hawaii, very showy in flower, but seasonal. Location: Between Bachman and Sinclair, makai of oleander hedge and Diamond Head of cannonball tree.
Lagunaria pattersonii, white wood, handsome tree from E Australia and Lord How and Norfolk Islands. Location: Bachman Hall, near mauka-Diamond head corner on mauka side of Diamond Head wing.
Lantana camara, Verbenaceae, lantana. Shrub with strongly aromatic herbage, introduced from tropical America to Maui in 1858 as an ornamental. Soon escaped cultivation and became a serious naturalized weed in lowland areas up to 1500 feet elevation. At least eight insects have been imported in attempts to control it. Location: Planter area, makai-Ewa of Bachman.
Lantana montevidensis, Verbenaceae, trailing lantana. Trailing ornamental shrub from Uruguay. Location: Between Krauss and Andrews Amphitheater; Ewa and mauka of Korean Studies.
Lecythis minor, Lecythidaceae, monkeypot nuts. Trees from South America with generally large woody capsules that open with a lid to reveal large seeds ("nuts"), for example, the paradise nut is L. zabucajo. The Brazil nut is in the related genus Bertholletia. Location: Along sidewalk between Sherman Hall and East West Rd (young saplings).
Leea guineensis.  Ornamental shrub from tropical Africa with leaves 3-4 compound, often coppery or purplish; flowers purplish to red; and fruit dark red, about half an inch in diameter.  Location: along University Avenue in front of Architecture Bldg.
Lemna perpusilla. Lemnaceae, duckweed. Cosmopolitan, tiny, floating aquatic plant commonly forming a continous green "scum" over the water surface (far left). In the photo on the near left the scale at the top is in millimeters and the medium-sized plants in the top center are Lemna. The related genera Spirodela (largest plants in photo at near left) and Wolffia (smallest plants in photo at near left) are also found in Hawaii. The latter genus includes the smallest and simplest of all flowering plants with plant bodies smaller than a pin head. Location: St. John courtyard; Krauss pond.
Leucaena leucocephala, Mimosaceae, koa-haole. Thicket-forming shrub from tropics, occurring in dry lowland areas and lower mountain slopes. Used for cattle fodder in Hawaii but may cause loss of hair in some livestock; seeds commonly used in lei construction. Location: Mauka-Diamond Head corner of Parking Lot 6, near Newman Center; behind the Thrift Shop.

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