Hawaiian Native Plant Genera

University of Hawaii Botany Department

The search or find option of your web viewer will take you instantly to any scientific or common name in this index. You can then follow the link to the appropriate web page for more information and illustrations pertaining to the plant being sought. You will find much information on the Hawaiian silversword alliance elsewhere. The full-sized images linked to thumbnail images on the subsequent pages are mostly in one of three formats: 600x400, 400x600, or 400x400 pixels. File sizes are mostly in the range of 50-250 kb (JPEG).  Much additional information on Hawaiian flowering plants can be found in the "Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i" by W. L. Wagner, D. R. Herbst, & S. H. Sohmer.  Likewise, for ferns and fern allies, a complete treatment can be found in the recently published "Hawai'i's Ferns and Fern Allies" (Daniel D. Palmer, Univ. of Hawai'i Press, 2003).  For an explanation of the information presented for each genus in the table at this web site, see the sample page.  These materials have been assembled primarily for Botany 661, Hawaiian Vascular Plants.  Interested in Oregon native plants?  See Oregon Flora Image Project

Last Addition: March 29, 2006

These materials are freely provided for instructional and educational purposes. Any duplication or publication of text or images herein for commercial gain without explicit written permission of the owner or photographer constitutes breach of trust and violation of copyright.
Gerald D. Carr

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Non-Flowering Plants
Fern Allies
Ferns
Flowering Plants                   
Dicots Endemic Genera
Monocots Non-Endemic Genera

NON-FLOWERING PLANTS

Fern Allies

 
    

Huperzia

Lycopodiaceae wawae'iole, club moss
Isoetes Isoetaceae  

Lycopodiella

Lycopodiaceae wawae'iole, hulu 'iole, huluhulu a 'iole

Lycopodium

Lycopodiaceae club moss

Psilotum

Psilotaceae

moa, moa nahele, pipi, o'o moa, whisk fern

Selaginella

Selaginellaceae small club moss, lepelepe a moa

Ferns

 
    

Adenophorus

Grammitidaceae pai, huna palai, palai huna, wahine noho mauna, palai la'au

Adiantum

Pteridaceae 'iwa'iwa, 'iwa'iwa hawai, 'iwa'iwa kahakaha

Amauropelta

Thelypteridaceae palapalai a kamapua'a
Arachniodes Dryopteridaceae  

Asplenium

Aspleniaceae lola, 'iwa'iwa, pamoho, 'alae, kuau, pi'ipi'i lau manamana, 'iwa'iwa lau li'i, 'ekaha, 'ekaha kuahiwi, 'akaha, punapunamanu, 'oali'i

Athyrium

Athyriaceae 'akolea

Callistopteris

Hymenophyllaceae limu kau la'au
Christella Thelypteridaceae kikawaio, kikawaioa, pakikawaio

Cibotium

Dicksoniaceae hapu'u, hapu'u pulu, hapu'u 'i'i, 'i'i, i'i'i, 
Coniogramme Pteridaceae lo'ulu

Ctenitis

Dryopteridaceae 'akolea, pauoa

Cyclosorus

Thelypteridaceae kupukupu makali'i, neke
Cyrtomium Dryopteridaceae ka'ape'ape
Cystopteris Athyriaceae  
Deparia Athyriaceae  

Dicranopteris

Gleicheniaceae uluhe, unuhe

Diellia

Aspleniaceae palapalai lau li'i

Diplazium

Athyriaceae ho'i'o, pohole

Diplopterygium

Gleicheniaceae uluhe lau nui
Doodia Blechnaceae 'okupukupu, pamoho

Doryopteris

Pteridaceae kumuniu, manawahua, 'iwa'iwa

Dryopteris

Dryopteridaceae palapalai 'aumakua, 'i'i, hohiu, kilau, 'akole, 'i'o nui, laukahi

Elaphoglossum

Elaphoglossaceae laukahi nunui, 'opeha, 'ekaha, hoe a Maui, maku'e, ekaha 'ula, laukahi 

Gonocormus

Hymenophyllaceae limu kau la'au

Grammitis

Grammitidaceae maku'e lau li'i, mahinalua, kolokolo
Haplopteris Vittariaceae 'ohe'ohe, mana
Hypolepis Dennstaedtiaceae olua
Lellingeria Grammitidaceae kihe

Lepisorus

Polypodiaceae pakahakaha, 'ekaha 'akolea, pua'a kuhinia
Lindsaea Lindsaeaceae laukahi

Marattia

Marattiaceae pala, kapua'ilio

Marsilea

Marsileaceae 'ihi'ihi'lau akea, 'ihi'ihi, 'ihi la'au

Mecodium

Hymenophyllaceae filmy fern, 'ohi'a ku, limu kau la'au

Microlepia

Dennstedtiaceae palapalai, palai
Microsorum Polypodiaceae pe'ahi

Nephrolepis

Nephrolepidaceae kupukupu, ni'ani'au, 'okupukupu, pamoho
Nothoperanema Dryopteridaceae  

Ophioderma

Ophioglossaceae adders-tongue, puapuamoa, laukahi

Ophioglossum

Ophioglossaceae pololei

Pellaea

Pteridaceae laukahi, kalamoho, kalamoha lau li'i

Pneumatopteris

Thelypteridaceae ho'i'o kula, laukahi

Polypodium

Polypodiaceae ae

Polystichum

Dryopteridaceae ka'upu, papa'oi

Pseudophegopteris

Thelypteridaceae waimakanui, ala'alai, 'akolea

Pteridium

Dennstedtiaceae kilau, kilau pueo, paia

Pteris

Pteridaceae waimakanui, 'iwa, 'owali'i, 'oali, mana, 'ahewa, 'iwapuakea

Sadleria

Blechnaceae 'ama'u, pu'a'a, 'ehu'ehu, amamau, ma'u, ma'uma'u, 'ama'uma'u, 'ama'u i'i, i'i, i'i'i, 'apu'u

Sceptridium

Ophioglossaceae makou

Schizaea

Schizaeaceae 'owali'i makali'i, 'oali'i makali'i, haili o pua

Sphaerocionium

Hymenophyllaceae palai hinahina, palai lau li'i
Sphenomeris Lindsaeaceae pala'a, palapala'a, pa'u o pala'e

Sticherus

Gleicheniaceae uluhe, unuhe
Tectaria Dryopteridaceae 'iwa'iwa lau nui

Vandenboschia

Hymenophyllaceae palai hihi, kilau, kalau, limu kau la'au

 

FLOWERING PLANTS

Dicots

 
    

Abutilon

Malvaceae flowering maple, ma'o, ko,oloa 'ula

Acacia

Fabaceae koa, koai'a, koai'e, koa'oha
Acaena Rosaceae liliwai, nani Wai'ale'ale

Achyranthes

Amaranthaceae  

Adenostemma

Asteraceae kamanamana

Alectryon

Sapindaceae mahoe, ala'alahua

Alphitonia

Rhamnaceae kauila, kauwila, o'a

Alyxia

Apocynaceae maile

Amaranthus

Amaranthaceae amaranth, pigweed

Antidesma

Euphorbiaceae hame, ha'a, ha'amaile, hamehame, mehame, mehamehame

Argemone

Papaveraceae pua kala, kala, naule, pokalakala

Argyroxiphium

Asteraceae ahinahina. hinahina, greensword, silversword

Artemisia

Asteraceae 'ahinahina, hinahina, hinahina kuahiwi

Bacopa

Scrophulariaceae 'ae'ae, water hyssop

Bidens

Asteraceae ko'oko'olau, ko'olau, beggartick, Spanish needle

Bobea

Rubiaceae 'ahakea, 'ahakea lau nui, 'akupa, 'ahakea lau li'i

Boehmeria

Urticaceae 'akolea, false nettle

Boerhavia

Nyctaginaceae alena, anena, nena

Bonamia

Convolvulaceae  

Brighamia

Campanulaceae alula, haha

Broussaisia

Hydrangeaceae kanawao, pu'ahanui

Caesalpinia

Fabaceae uhiuhi, kawa'u, kea

Canavalia

Fabaceae 'awikiwiki, puakauhi

Capparis

Capparaceae maiapilo, pilo, pua pilo
Cordia Boraginaceae kou

Cassytha

Lauraceae dodder, kauna'oa pehu, kauna'oa malolo, kauna'oa uka, kaunoa, malolo, pololo

Centaurium

Gentianaceae 'awiwi, centaury

Charpentiera

Amaranthaceae papala

Cheirodendron

Araliaceae 'olapa, lapalapa

Chenopodium

Chenopodiaceae 'aheahea, 'ahea, 'ahewahewa, alaweo, alaweo huna, 'aweoweo, kaha'ihai

Claoxylon

Euphorbiaceae po'ola, laukea
Cleome Capparaceae honohino, 'ili'ohu, spider flower

Clermontia

Campanulaceae 'oha, 'oha wai, 'oha wai nui, haha, haha'aiakamanu, 'oha kepau, ohaha wai nui

Cocculus

Menispermaceae huehue, hue, hue'ie, 'inalua

Colubrina

Rhamnaceae 'anapanapa, kauila 'anapanapa, kauila kukuku, kolokolo, kukuku

Coprosma

Rubiaceae kukaenene, pilo, hupilo, 'aiakanene, leponene, nene, pu nene, koi, 'olena, makole

Cressa

Convolvulaceae  

Cryptocarya

Lauraceae holio

Cuscuta

Cuscutaceae dodder, kauna'oa, kauna'oa kahakai, kauna'oa lei, pololo

Cyanea

Campanulaceae haha, haha nui, haha lua, 'aku'aku, popolo, pua kala, 'aku

Cyrtandra

Gesneriaceae  ha'iwale, kanawao, ke'oke'o, hahala, mapele, ulunahele, moa, 'ilihia

Delissea

Campanulaceae  

Diospyros

Ebenaceae lama, elama, ebony, persimmon

Dodonaea

Sapindaceae 'a'ali'i, 'a'ali'i ku makani, 'a'ali'i ku ma kua, kumakani

Drosera

Droseraceae mikinalo, sundew

Dubautia

Asteraceae na'ena'e, na'ena'e 'ula, na'ena'e pua nelenele, kupaoa, koholapehu

Elaeocarpus

Elaeocarpaceae kalia

Embelia

Myrsinaceae kilioe
Entada Fabaceae St. Thomas bean

Erythrina

Fabaceae wiliwili

Eugenia

Myrtaceae nioi

Euphorbia

Euphorbiaceae 'akoko, koko, 'ekoko, kokomalei, spurge

Eurya

Theaceae 'anini, wanini

Exocarpos

Santalaceae hulumoa, kaumahana, heau, au

Flueggea

Euphorbiaceae mehamehame

Fragaria

Rosaceae 'ohelo papa, Hawaiian strawberry

Gardenia

Rubiaceae nanu, na'u

Geranium

Geraniaceae nohoanu, nohuanu, hinahina, cranesbill

Gossypium

Malvaceae ma'o, huluhulu, Hawaiian cotton

Gouania

Rhamnaceae  

Gunnera

Gunneraceae 'ape'ape, 'ape, haha

Haplostachys

Lamiaceae honohono

Hedyotis

Rubiaceae au, pilo, 'awiwi, kio'ele, 'uiwi, kamapua, manono, kopa

Heliotropium

Boraginaceae hinahina, hinahina ku kahakai, nohonohupu'uone, pohinahina, kipukai, lau po'opo'ohina, nena, po'opo'ohina

Hesperocnide

Urticaceae  

Hesperomannia

Asteraceae  

Hibiscadelphus

Malvaceae hau kuahiwi

Hibiscus

Malvaceae koki'o ke'oke'o, aloalo, hau hele, koki'o kea, pamakani

Hillebrandia

Begoniaceae pua maka nui, aka'aka'awa

Ilex

Aquifoliaceae kawa'u, 'aiea, Hawaiian holly

Ipomoea

Convolvulaceae beach morning glory, Hawaiian moon flower, koali 'awa, koali 'awahia, koali la'au, koali pehu, hunakai, pohuehue, puhuehue

Isodendrion

Violaceae aupaka, wahine noho kula

Jacquemontia

Convolvulaceae pa'uohi'iaka, kakuaohi'iaka, kaupo'o

Kanaloa

Fabaceae  

Keysseria

Asteraceae howaiaulu 

Kokia

Malvaceae koki'o, hau hele 'ula

Korthalsella

Viscaceae hulumoa, kaumahana

Labordia

Loganiaceae kamakahala, kamakahala lau li'i

Lepechinia

Lamiaceae pakaha, pitcher sage

Lepidium

Brassicaceae 'anaunau, 'anounou, kunana, naunau, pepperwort, peppergrass

Leptecophylla

Epacridaceae pukiawe, 'a'ali'i mahu, kanehoa, kawa'u, maiele, maieli, puakeawe, puakiawe, pukeawe, pupukiawe

Lipochaeta

Asteraceae nehe, ko'oko'olau

Lobelia

Campanulaceae kuhi'aikamo'owahie, liua, mo'owahie, opelu, pu'e, panaunau

Lycium

Solanaceae 'ohelo kai, 'ae'ae, 'akulikuli 'ae'ae, 'akulikuli kai, 'akulikuli 'ohelo

Lysimachia

Primulaceae lehua makanoe, kolokolo kuahiwi, kolekole lehua, kolokolo lehua, puahekili
Melanthera Asteraceae nehe, ko'oko'olau

Melicope

Rutaceae kukaemoa, kolokolo mokihana, alani, alani kuahiwi, mokihana, mokehana, uahiapele, pilo 'ula, leiohi'iaka, kaleiohi'iaka, mokihana kukae moa, manena, alani wai, 'anonia

Metrosideros

Myrtaceae 'ohi'a lehua, 'ohi'a, lehua, lehua papa, lehua 'ahihi, 'ahihi ku ma kua, 'ahihi lehua, kumakua, 'ohi'a 'ahihi

Morinda

Rubiaceae noni kuahiwi

Mucuna

Fabaceae sea bean, ka'e'e, ka'e'e'e

Munroidendron

Araliaceae  

Myoporum

Myoporaceae naio, naeo, naieo, bastard sandalwood

Myrsine

Myrsinaceae kolea, kolea lau nui, kolea, lau li'i, 'oliko

Nama

Hydrophyllaceae hinahina kahakai

Neraudia

Urticaceae ma'aloa, ma'oloa, 'oloa

Nesoluma

Sapotaceae keahi

Nestegis

Oleaceae olopua, pua, ulupua

Nothocestrum

Solanaceae 'aiea, halena

Nototrichium

Amaranthaceae kulu'i

Ochrosia

Apocynaceae holei

Osteomeles

Rosaceae 'ulei, eluehe, u'ulei

Peperomia

Piperaceae 'ala 'ala wai nui

Perrottetia

Celastraceae olomea, pua'a olomea, waimea

Peucedanum

Apiaceae makou

Phyllanthus

Euphorbiaceae pamakani mahu, pamakani

Phyllostegia

Lamiaceae ulihi, kapana, kiponapona

Phytolacca

Phytolaccaceae popolo ku mai, popolo, pokeberry,

Pilea

Urticaceae  

Pipturus

Urticaceae mamaki, mamake

Pisonia

Nyctaginaceae papala kepau, papala

Pittosporum

Pittosporaceae ho'awa, ha'awa, papahekili, 'a'awa, 'a'awa hua kukui, ho'awa lau nui

Plantago

Plantaginaceae laukahi kuahiwi, manene, ale, Hawaiian plantain

Platydesma

Rutaceae pilo kea lau li'i, pilo kea

Plectranthus

Lamiaceae spurflower, 'ala'ala wai nui, 'ala'ala wai nui pua ki, 'ala'ala wai nui wahine

Plumbago

Plumbaginaceae 'ilie'e, 'ilihe'e, lauhihi, leadwort

Portulaca

Portulacaceae 'ihi, po'e, 'ihi makole, purslane

Pouteria

Sapotaceae 'ala'a, aulu, ela'a, kaulu

Pseudognaphalium

Asteraceae 'ena'ena, puheu, cudweed, everlasting

Psychotria

Rubiaceae kopiko, kopiko 'ula, 'opiko, kopiko kea

Psydrax

Rubiaceae alahe'e, 'ohe'e, walahe'e

Pteralyxia

Apocynaceae kaulu

Ranunculus

Ranunculaceae buttercup, makou, 'awa Kanaloa, crowfoot

Rauvolfia

Apocynaceae hao

Remya

Asteraceae  

Reynoldsia

Araliaceae 'ohe, 'ohe kukulae'o, 'ohe makai, 'ohe'ohe, 'ohekai

Rhus

Anacardiaceae neleau, neneleau, sumac

Rubus

Rosaceae 'akala, 'akalakala, kala, Hawaiian raspberry

Rumex

Polygonaceae hu'ahu'ako, pawale, uhauhako, dock, sorrel

Sanicula

Apiaceae snakeroot

Santalum

Santalaceae 'iliahi, 'iliahialo'e, sandalwood

Sapindus

Sapindaceae a'e, lonomea, aulu, kaulu, manele, soapberry

Scaevola

Goodeniaceae dwarf naupaka, naupaka, naupaka kuahiwi, 'ohe naupaka, huahekili uka, pepa'ahekili, naupaka kahakai, aupaka, huahekili, naupaka kai

Schiedea

Caryophyllaceae ma'oli'oli
Senna Fabaceae kolomona, heuhiuhi, kalamona, uhiuhi

Sesbania

Fabaceae 'ohai

Sesuvium

Aizoaceae 'akulikuli, sea purslane

Sicyos

Cucurbitaceae 'anunu, panunukuahiwi

Sida

Malvaceae 'ilima

Silene

Caryophyllaceae catchfly, campion

Solanum

Solanaceae glossy nightshade, popolo, 'olohua, polopolo, popolohua, popolo ku mai, 'akia, popolo'aiakeakua

Sophora

Fabaceae mamane, mamani
Spermolepis Apiaceae  

Stenogyne

Lamiaceae ma'ohi'ohi, pua'ainaka, mohihi

Streblus

Moraceae a'ia'i

Strongylodon

Fabaceae nuku 'i'iwi, ka 'i'iwi, nuku

Syzygium

Myrtaceae 'ohia ha, ha, kauokahiki, pa'ihi, pa'ihi'ihi

Tetramolopium

Asteraceae pamakani

Tetraplasandra

Araliaceae 'ohe 'ohe, 'ohe, 'ohe mauka, 'ohe kiko'ola

Thespesia

Malvaceae milo, portia tree

Touchardia

Urticaceae olona

Trematolobelia

Campanulaceae koli'i

Tribulus

Zygophyllaceae nohunohu, nohu, caltrop

Urera

Urticaceae opuhe, hopue, hona

Vaccinium

Ericaceae 'ohelo, 'ohelo kau la'au, 'ohelo 'ai, blueberry

Vicia

Fabaceae Hawaiian vetch

Vigna

Fabaceae beach pea, mohihihi, lemuomakili, nanea, nenea, 'okolemakili, puhili, puhilihili, pulihilihi, wahine 'oma'o, mohimohi 

Viola

Violaceae pamakani, 'olopu, nani Wai'ale'ale, kalihi, liliwai, pohe hiwa, violet

Vitex

Verbenaceae kolokolo kahakai, hinahina kolo, manawanawa, mawanawana, pohinahina, polinalina, beach vitex

Waltheria

Sterculiaceae 'uhaloa, 'ala'ala puloa, hala 'uhaloa, hi'aloa, kanakaloa

Wikstroemia

Thymelaeaceae 'akia, kauhi

Wilkesia

Asteraceae iliau, dwarf iliau

Xylosma

Flacourtiaceae maua, a'e

Zanthoxylum

Rutaceae kawa'u, kawa'u kua kuku kapa, a'e, manele, hea'e

Monocots

 
    

Agrostis

Poaceae he'upueo, bentgrass

Anoectochilus

Orchidaceae jewel orchid

Astelia

Liliaceae pa'iniu, kaluaha, pua'akuhinia

Bolboschoenus

Cyperaceae kaluha, bulrush
Calamagrostis Poaceae Reedgrass

Carex

Cyperaceae  

Cenchrus

Poaceae kamanomano, kumanomano, sandbur

Chrysopogon

Poaceae manienie 'ula, pi'ipi'i, pilipili 'ula, golden beardgrass

Cladium

Cyperaceae 'uki, sawgrass

Cyperus

Cyperaceae makaloa, makoloa, 'ehu'awa, 'ahu'awa, kili'o'opu, kiolohia, mau'u pu'uka'a, puko'a, pu'uko'a, pu'uka'a, umbrella sedge

Deschampsia

Poaceae hairgrass

Dianella

Liliaceae 'uki'uki, 'uki

Dichanthelium

Poaceae  

Digitaria

Poaceae kukaepua'a, mau'u kukaepua'a, itchy crabgrass

Dissochondrus

Poaceae  

Eleocharis

Cyperaceae kohekohe, pipiwai, spikerush

Eragrostis

Poaceae kalamalo, kawelu, 'emoloa, lovegrass
Festuca Poaceae fescue

Fimbristylus

Cyperaceae mau'u 'aki'aki

Freycinetia

Pandanaceae 'ie'ie, 'ie

Gahnia

Cyperaceae   

Halophila

Hydrocharitaceae sea grass

Heteropogon

Poaceae pili, pili grass, twisted beardgrass, tanglehead, lule

Isachne

Poaceae 'ohe

Ischaemum

Poaceae Hilo ischaemum

Joinvillea

Joinvilleaceae 'ohe

Lepturus

Poaceae   

Liparis

Orchidaceae 'awapuhiakanaloa, twayblade

Luzula

Juncaceae wood rush

Machaerina

Cyperaceae 'uki, 'ahaniu
Morelotia Cyperaceae  

Oreobolus

Cyperaceae  

Pandanus

Pandanaceae hala, pu hala, screw pine

Panicum

Poaceae konakona, lau'ehu, kai'oi'o, kakonakona, hakonakona, he'upueo, mountain pili, panic grass

Paspalum

Poaceae ricegrass, mau'u laiki

Platanthera

Orchidaceae fringed orchid

Pleomele

Agavaceae hala pepe, le'ie

Poa

Poaceae bluegrass
Potamogeton Potamogetonaceae pondweed, leafy pondweed

Pritchardia

Arecaceae loulu, loulu hiwa

Rhynchospora

Cyperaceae kuolohia, pu'uko'a, beak-rush

Ruppia

Ruppiaceae ditchgrass, widgeon grass

Schoenoplectus

Cyperaceae kaluha, 'aka'akai
Scleria Cyperaceae nutgrass

Sisyrinchium

Iridaceae mau'u la'ili, mau'u ho'ula,

Smilax

Smilacaceae hoi kuahiwi, aka'awa, pi'oi uhi, ulehihi, catbrier, greenbrier

Sporobolus

Poaceae seashore rushgrass, beach dropseed, 'aki'aki, 'aki, mahiki, mahikihiki, manienie, manienie 'aki'aki, manienie mahikihiki, manienie maoli, beach dropseed, seashore rushgrass

Trisetum

Poaceae pili uka, he'upueo, mountain pili

Uncinia

Cyperaceae  


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