Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph.

Marattia douglasii, pala. Hawaiian endemic eusporangiate fern. Note dehisced eusporangia (synangia - center) and an intact synangium (right).
Angiopteris evecta, mules foot, Madagascar tree fern. Left, habit; right, view of synangia and spores on lower frond surface.

Non-Flowering Plant Family Access Page
Home Page