Botany 461 - Systematics of Vascular Plants - Fall 2001

  Formerly Bot 361 - Flowering Plant Families

I.  Overview:

This course is intended to provide the means for students to recognize some of the most conspicuous and/or important plant families in their surrounding environment.  Although all vascular plant groups are covered, the emphasis is clearly on the flowering plants. 

The first few lectures provide the background necessary to gain a reasonable perspective of the discipline of taxonomy leading up to and including the phylogenetic approach adopted by the current text.  All subsequent lectures are very closely integrated with their corresponding labs.  These lectures are intended to introduce the laboratory material by summarizing and illustrating features characteristic of the families to be stressed in the lab.

In the laboratory, emphasis is placed on the study of living material to provide a basis for understanding plant variation.  Once a working vocabulary is developed, students are given the opportunity to learn features that distinguish higher categories of plants.  The primary goal is recognition of a limited number of very important plant families.  Secondary emphasis is placed on developing the technical skill necessary to use written devices known as taxonomic keys which allow identification of plant families with which the student has had no previous experience.

The course is 4 credits (two 50 minute lectures and two 3 hour labs per week). At least two field trips are normally scheduled during the semester.  The prerequisite is Bot. 101 or college general biology.

Grades are based on performance in lecture and laboratory examinations and on the quality of a plant collection to be turned in on the last day of instruction.  The “lecture/lab” exams listed are very highly integrated, the “lecture” aspect emphasizing the “text book” features of the families, the “lab” aspect emphasizing the student's ability to interpret these features in actual specimens.  The first step is necessarily a part of the second.  Thus, scheduling both types of exam on the same day for the same set of families is a distinct advantage to the student.  Students are expected to compile a notebook that summarizes the features of the plant families surveyed during the course.  This will provide an excellent study guide and also be something the participant will take away from the course for potential future reference.

II.  Point Distribution

Terminology quiz 30
Lecture 1 95
Lecture/Lab 1 25/50
Lecture/Lab 2  25/50
Lab final  60
Lecture final 95
Plant Collection 70
_____
Total   500

III.  Text and Web Resources 

Davis, P.H. & J. Cullen.  1997.  The Identification of flowering plant families, 4th ed.

Judd, W. S., C. S. Campbell, E. A. Kellogg, & P. F. Stevens. 1999.  Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach.

Harris, J. G., & M. W. Harris.  1994.  Plant Identification Terminology. (optional)

http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/pfamilies.htm

  IV.  Staff

Instructor:  G. Carr, St. John 406 (956-3930, 956-8304, gerry@hawaii.edu)

T. A.: Sonia Stephens, St. John 405 (956-9253, sanoe@aloha.com)

V.  Lecture and Laboratory Schedule   

Date

Lecture Topic

Lab Topic

 

 

 

 

 

Aug  28

Introduction (J1-7)

Plant collecting and preservation (J431-434); Taxonomic Literature (J436-439)

 

         30

History of taxonomy (J35-44)

Vegetative terminology (J45-53)

 

Sep    4

Plant names (J423-429)

Reproductive terminology (J53-70)

 

         6

Modern Methods (J9-33)

Reproductive terminology (D4-44)

 

     11

Review

TERMINOLOGY QUIZ

 

         13

Sources of Information (J70-106)

Sources of Information – cont’d

 

         18

Sources of Information -2

Key construction and use (D45-49; J434-436)

 

20 Evolution of Plant Diversity (J107-134) Keying with computer programs

       25

Classification of Angiosperms (J161-168)

Keying unknown plants

 

       27

LECTURE EXAM 1

Practice using keys

 

Oct    2

Nonmonocot Paleoherbs & Monocots (J168-191)

Nymphaeaceae, Piperaceae, Araceae, Alismataceae, Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae

 

         4

Monocots cont’d (J191-205)

Iridaceae, Orchidaceae, Arecaceae, Bromeliaceae, Commelinaceae

 

         9

Monocots cont’d (J205-221)

Cyperaceae, Poaceae, Zingiberidaceae

 

     11

Magnoliid Complex & Basal Tricolpates (J222-238)

Magnoliaceae, Annonaceae, Lauraceae, Ranunculaceae, Papaveraceae, Proteaceae

 

16

Caryophyllanae (J240-256)

Caryophyllaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Amaranthaceae, Portulacaceae, Cactaceae, Polygonaceae

 

         18

Review

Review and key practice

 

         23

LECTURE/LAB EXAM 1

LECTURE/LAB EXAM 1

 

         25

Core Tricolpates & Eurosids I (J256-275)

Crassulaceae, Celastraceae, Malpighiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Clusiaceae

 

         30

Eurosids I cont’d (J275-298)

Violaceae, Oxalidaceae, Fabaceae, Rosaceae

  Nov   1

Eurosids I cont’d (J298-317)

Rhamnaceae, Moraceae, Urticaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fagaceae, Casuarinaceae

 

         6

Eurosids II (J317-329)

Lythraceae, Myrtaceae, Melastomataceae, Combretaceae, Brassicaceae

 

         8

Eurosids II cont’d (J329-342)

Malvaceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae

 

    13

Review

Review and key practice

 

         15

LECTURE/LAB EXAM 2

LECTURE/LAB EXAM 2

 

         20

Asterid Clade & Eusterids I (J343-363)

Sapotaceae, Myrsinaceae, Ericaceae, Solanaceae, Convolvulaceae, Boraginaceae

 

         22

THANKSGIVING HOLIDAY

 

 

         27

Eusterids I cont’d (J363-381)

Rubiaceae, Apocynaceae, Oleaceae, Plantaginaceae, Bignoniaceae, Acanthaceae

 

         29

Eusterids I cont’d & Euasterids II (J381-401)

Verbenaceae, Lamiaceae, Apiaceae, Campanulaceae, Asteraceae

 

  Dec   4

Families of Gymnosperms (J135-137, 148-160)

Cycadaceae, Araucariaceae, Cupressaceae, Pinaceae

 

         6

Families of Ferns & lower vascular plants (J135-148)

Psilotaceae, Lycopodiaceae, Selaginellaceae, Equisetaceae, Gleicheniaceae, Thelypteridaceae, Polypodiaceae

 

    11

Review - Evaluations

Review and key practice

 

         13

Open

LAB FINAL

        15

LECTURE FINAL EXAM 12:00-2:00

 

VI.  Field Trips:  (Dates tentative)  Nov 10 - Foster Garden, Dec 8 - Kaena Point

VII.  Lecture Notes

Word Version