TARWEEDS AND SILVERSWORDS

Evolution of the Madiinae (Asteraceae)

 

3  Chromosome Evolution in Madiinae

       GERALD D. CARR

 

 

OVERVIEW

INTRODUCTION

GENERAL FEATURES OF MADIINAE CHROMOSOMES

VARIATION IN CHROMOSOME STRUCTURE

Translocations

Inversions

Systematic Survey of Genomic Differentiation in Madiinae

Anisocarpus

Argyroxiphium

Blepharizonia

Calycadenia

Carlquistia

Centromadia

Deinandra

Dubautia

Harmonia

Holocarpha

Jensia

Kyhosia

Lagophylla

Layia

Madia

Osmadenia

Wilkesia

VARIATION IN CHROMOSOME NUMBERS

Polyploidy

Infrageneric polyploidy

Polyploid relationships at and above the level of genus

Dysploidy

Infrageneric dysploidy

Infraspecific dysploidy

Supernumerary Chromosomes

Original Chromosome Base Number in Madiinae

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS