TARWEEDS AND SILVERSWORDS

Evolution of the Madiinae (Asteraceae)

 

1  Natural History of the Continental Tarweeds and the Hawaiian Silversword Alliance (Madiinae)

       BRUCE G. BALDWIN

 

 

OVERVIEW

INTRODUCTION

DIVERSITY AND TAXONOMIC HISTORY

Diversity and Taxonomic History

TARWEEDS OF THE CALIFORNIA FLORISTIC PROVINCE AND VICINITY

Endemism in the CFP

Annual Tarweeds

Spring-flowering ephemerals

Summer--fall-flowering annuals

Seed banks

Desert ephemerals

Perennial Tarweeds

Montane perennials

Coastal and riparian perennials at low elevations

Insular perennials

Defenses

Weediness

Rarity and Endangerment of Continental Tarweeds

Economic Importance of Continental Tarweeds

THE HAWAIIAN SILVERSWORD ALLIANCE

The Hawaiian Setting

Evolutionary Considerations

Overall Diversity of the Hawaiian Madiinae

Insular Woodiness

Ecophysiology

Endemism and Dispersal

Island Ages and Diversity

Ecological Diversity on Each Island

Rarity

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

 

Related Web Resources:

Variation in Stature and Habit in the Hawaiian Madiinae

Flower and Fruit Diversity in the Hawaiian Madiinae

Ecological and Physiological Adaptations in the Hawaiian Madiinae

Genetic Variation in the Hawaiian Madiinae