University of Hawaii Botany Department

Flowering Vascular Plant Families

The sequence of families on this page follows the phylogenetic outline of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, APG II (Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 399-436 - 2003) which is an updated refinement of APG I (1998) .  In basic outline it is very similar to the sequence adopted by Judd et al. (2002) yet the tabular form differs conspicuously in that orders and families are presented alphabetically within the major clades.  Families distinguished by an asterisk have not been assigned to an order, pending further resolution of relationships. Families enclosed in brackets with a plus sign, [+family], are considered acceptable, monophyletic alternatives to the broader family cicumscription (favored by APGII) that immediately precedes them in the list. Select a family for information and photos. This site was originally created for Botany 461, a plant systematics course offered by the Botany Department, University of Hawaii.  The full-sized images linked to thumbnail images on the subsequent pages are generally 600x400, 400x600, 400x400 pixels or larger. File sizes are mostly in the range of 50-350 kb (JPEG). If you are not familiar with this classification system, use the find or search feature of your browser to locate the family of choice on this page (or go to the alphabetical listing of families)

@Rafflesiaceae, listed with "taxa of uncertain position" by APGII is here included in the Malpighiales, in line with recent findings.

These materials are freely provided for instructional and educational purposes. Any duplication or publication of text or images herein for commercial gain without explicit written permission of the owner or photographer constitutes breach of trust and violation of copyright.
Gerald D. Carr

Last Addition: September 19, 2004


"ROOT OF THE ANGIOSPERM TREE"

*Chloranthaceae Austrobaileyales Ceratophyllales
*Nymphaeaceae Schisandraceae Ceratophyllaceae
  [+Illiciaceae]  

MAGNOLIIDS

Canellales Laurales Magnoliales Piperales
Winteraceae Calycanthaceae Annonaceae Aristolochiaceae
  Hernandiaceae Magnoliaceae Piperaceae
  Lauraceae Myristicaceae Saururaceae

MONOCOTS

Alismatales [+Hesperocallidaceae] Dioscoreales Commelinids  Joinvilleaceae
Alismataceae [+Hyacinthaceae] Dioscoreaceae Arecales Juncaceae
Araceae [+Laxmanniaceae] Burmanniaceae Arecaceae Poaceae
Hydrocharitaceae [+Ruscaceae] Liliales Commelinales Restionaceae
Juncaginaceae [+Themidaceae] Alstroemeriaceae Commelinaceae Typhaceae
Potamogetonaceae Asteliaceae Colchicaceae Haemodoraceae Zingiberales
Asparagales Hypoxidaceae Liliaceae Hanguanaceae Cannaceae
Alliaceae Iridaceae Melanthiaceae Pontederiaceae Costaceae
[+Agapanthaceae] Orchidaceae Smilacaceae Poales Heliconiaceae
[+Amaryllidaceae] Tecophilaeaceae Pandanales Bromeliaceae Marantaceae
Asparagaceae Xanthorrhoeaceae Cyclanthaceae Cyperaceae Musaceae
[+Agavaceae] [+Asphodelaceae] Pandanaceae Eriocaulaceae Strelitziaceae
[+Anthericaceae] [+Hemerocallidaceae] Flagellariaceae Zingiberaceae

EUDICOTS (TRICOLPATES)

"BASAL EUDICOTS"

*Buxaceae Proteaceae Ranunculales Papaveraceae
Proteales [+Platanaceae] Berberidaceae [+Fumariaceae]
Nelumbonaceae   Menispermaceae Ranunculaceae

CORE EUDICOTS

"Basal Core Eudicots"

*Dilleniaceae Caryophyllaceae Polygonaceae Saxifragales
Gunnerales Didiereaceae Portulacaceae Altingiaceae
Gunneraceae Droseraceae Simmondsiaceae Crassulaceae
Caryophyllales Molluginaceae Tamaricaceae Grossulariaceae
Aizoaceae Nepenthaceae Santalales Haloragaceae
Amaranthaceae Nyctaginaceae Olacaceae Hamamelidaceae

Basellaceae

Phytolaccaceae Loranthaceae Paeoniaceae
Cactaceae Plumbaginaceae Santalaceae Saxifragaceae

Rosids

"Unresolved Rosids"

*Strasburgeriaceae Geraniales Myrtales Melastomataceae
*Vitaceae Geraniaceae Combretaceae

Myrtaceae

  Melianthaceae Lythraceae

Onagraceae

Eurosids I

*Zygophyllaceae

Surianaceae

Clusiaceae [+Erythroxylaceae] Moraceae
Celastrales Fagales Euphorbiaceae Salicaceae Rhamnaceae
Celastraceae Betulaceae Hypericaceae

Violaceae

Rosaceae
Cucurbitales Casuarinaceae Linaceae Oxalidales Ulmaceae
Begoniaceae Fagaceae Malpighiaceae Connaraceae Urticaceae
Coriariaceae Juglandaceae

Ochnaceae

Cunoniaceae  
Corynocarpaceae Myricaceae

Passifloraceae

Elaeocarpaceae  
Cucurbitaceae Malpighiales [+Turneraceae] Oxalidaceae  
Fabales Achariaceae Phyllanthaceae Rosales  
Fabaceae Chrysobalanaceae @Rafflesiaceae Cannabaceae  
Polygalaceae [+Dichapetalaceae] Rhizophoraceae Elaeagnaceae  

Eurosids II

Brassicales

Moringaceae

[+Cochlospermaceae]

Thymelaeaceae Rutaceae

Bataceae

Resedaceae

Cistaceae

Sapindales

Sapindaceae

Brassicaceae

Tropaeolaceae

Malvaceae

Anacardiaceae

Simaroubaceae

Caricaceae

Malvales

Muntingiaceae Burseraceae  

Limnanthaceae

Bixaceae

Sarcolaenaceae Meliaceae  

Asterids

"Basal Asterids"

Cornales

Ericales

Fouquieriaceae

Polemoniaceae Styracaceae
Cornaceae

Balsaminaceae

Lecythidaceae Primulaceae Theaceae

Hydrangeaceae

Ebenaceae

Marcgraviaceae Sapotaceae Theophrastaceae

Loasaceae

Ericaceae

Myrsinaceae

Sarraceniaceae  

Euasterids I

*Boraginaceae

Gentianaceae

Gesneriaceae Phrymaceae

Solanales

Garryales

Loganiaceae

Lamiaceae

Plantaginaceae

Convolvulaceae

Eucommiaceae Rubiaceae Lentibulariaceae

Scrophulariaceae

Hydroleaceae

Garryaceae Lamiales Oleaceae

Verbenaceae

Solanaceae

Gentianales

Acanthaceae Orobanchaceae    

Apocynaceae

Bignoniaceae Pedaliaceae    

Euasterids II

*Escalloniaceae Aquifoliales Campanulaceae Dipsacales [+Valerianaceae]
Apiales Aquifoliaceae [+Lobeliaceae]

Adoxaceae 

 
Apiaceae Cardiopteridaceae Goodeniaceae Caprifoliaceae  
Araliaceae Asterales Menyanthaceae

[+Dipsacaceae]

 
Pittosporaceae Asteraceae Stylidiaceae [+Linnaeaceae]  

FAMILIES OF UNCERTAIN POSITION

Balanophoraceae  

 


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