Plants of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

Scientific Name Coprosma montana Hillebr.
Family Rubiaceae

Other Names Common: mountain pilo; Hawaiian: pilo (transl. "bad odor"), hupilo
Status Endemic
Distribution & Habitat In the subalpine shrubland it is often the dominant plant.  It is also found in subalpine woodland and occasionally in mesic forest, 1,830 - 3,050 m, East Maui and Hawai'i (Wagner, et al. 1990: 1128).
Locations in this Guide Top of the Strip Road
General Appearance
Look for this small shrubby tree above 6,000 feet on the Mauna Loa Strip Road (Lamoureux 1996: 85).  It is uncommon below this elevation (Stone & Pratt 1994: 183). Top of the Strip Road
The branches are short and stout (Stone & Pratt 1994: 183).

The plant ranges in height from 2 to 8 m tall (Wagner, et al. 1990: 1128).

 

Top of the Strip Road
Top of the Strip Road Top of the Strip Road

The plant on the right shows the stem of a plant that is growing in the open.

Top of the Strip Road
Leaves
The leaves are ovate to nearly circular with a leathery texture and may be up to one inch long (Lamoureux 1996: 85). Top of the Strip Road

Top of the Strip Road

Top of the Strip Road Top of the Strip Road
Flowers & Fruits
The plants are dioecious (rarely monoecious).
The fruits are orange to yellowish orange.  The fruits shown on the branch to the right are probably not ripe. Top of the Strip Road
Phenology
End of Strip Road A few flowers on a large plant near parking lot. 5/8/01
     
Natural History
Conservation
Miscellaneous Photos
Other Notes

References
Links to Other Sites

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Last Updated: 08/05/03