Photo mosaic of Pacific coral reef scenes
Pacific Islands Coral Reef Program
Environmental Reports and Publications - American and (western) Samoa
These are publications related to "American Samoa Marine - General" compiled by the park's inventory and monitoring staff as of 2008.

Nat'l Park

of Am Samoa

Nat'l Park

of Am Samoa
Nat'l Park

of Am Samoa
Nat'l Park

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Abrincia R, et al. 1996. AS coastal management program: a case study on alternative management strategies. Plan 751: planning practicum. Dept Urban and Reg Planning, Univ of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI. 185 pp.  
ACOES. 1980. AS coral reef inventory. Part A. Rpt to ASG. 314 pp. 
Analytical Lab HI. 2004. Mapping of benthic habitats for US Pac territories: AS, Guam, CNMI. Rpt to BAE Systems Spectral Solutions, Honolulu, HI. 52 pp.  
ASCRFT. 1999. Coral reef management for small islands: 5-year plan for AS. ASCRTF. 25 pp. 
ASEPA. 2002. Territory of AS: state of environment report 2002. ASEPA. 26 pp. 
ASG. 1980. Summary of ASCMP legislation. ASG. 33 pp. 
ASG. 1999. Emergency restoration plan and environmental assessment Pago Pago Harbor, AS. ASG, DOI, and NOAA. 99 pp. 
ASG. 2003a. Executive Order No 004-2003. An order establishing an ocean resource management process and plan for AS. ASG. 4 pp.  
Bentivoglio, A. 2003. Compensatory mitigation for coral reef impacts in the Pacific islands. USFWS, Honolulu, HI. 38 pp. <> 
Birkeland, C. 2007c. Geologic setting and ecological functioning of coral reefs in AS. Chap 20. 33 pp. In: Riegl B, et al. (eds). Coral reefs of the USA. Springer Publishers.  
Birkeland, C. et al. 2000. Resurvey of the Aua transect after the ship removal. Rpt to NOAA and DOC. 4 pp.  
Birkeland, C., et al. 2004. Long term monitoring of FBNMS and Tutuila (AS) 1985 to 2001: summary of surveys conducted in 1998 to 2001. Rpt to NOAA and DOC. 158 pp. 
Brainard, R., et al. 2002. NOAA preliminary survey reports coral reef assessment/monitoring, AS. NOAA. 90 pp.  
Brainard, R., et al. 2007. Coral reef ecosystem monitoring report for AS: 2002-2006. NOAA, CRED.
Braun, K., et al. 2005. Potential harmful marine organisms of AS. ASCC and AS Coral Reef Initiative. 21 pp.  
Clemens, J. 1997. Investigations of ciguatera in AS. DMWR. 22 pp. 
CRAG. 2000. American Samoa's state of the reefs. ASG. 23 pp. 
CRAG. 2003a. AS Coral Reef Advisory Group recent accomplishments. CRAG. 6 pp. 
CRAG. 2003b. Coral Reef Advisory Group three-year plan 2003-2006. CRAG. 3 pp. 
CRAG. 2003c. Summary sheet: global warming and climate change in AS. CRAG. 1 p.  
Craig, P. 1995b. Temperature data sets for nearshore and offshore waters of AS. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 77. 15 pp. 
Craig, P. 2001. Developing a coral reef monitoring program for the national park of AS: a practical management-driven approach for small marine protected areas. NPS. 17 pp. 
Craig, P. 2002c. Status of coral reefs in AS. 9 pp. In: Turgeon D, et al. Status and trends US coral reefs. NOAA. 265 pp. 
Craig, P., Ed., 2009. Natural History Guide to American Samoa.
Report by the National Park of American Samoa, American Samoa Dept of Marine and Wildlife Resources, and the American Samoa Community College. 131 pp.
Craig, P. 2006. AS: environmental trends in 2006. NPSA. 2 pp. 
Craig, Peter. 2008. American Samoa: Environmental Trends 2008.
Meeting handout, 2008, Pago Pago.
Craig, P. et al. 1990. Identification of important wildlife issues in AS. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 16. 14 pp. 
Craig, P., et al. 1995. Coral reef troubles in AS. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 66. SPC Fisheries Newsletter 72:33-34. 
Craig, P., et al. 1999. Workshop report and development of 5-year plan for coral reef management in AS (2000-2004). CRAG. 28 pp. 
Craig, P., et al. 2000b. The central So Pacific ocean (AS) - Chap 103. pp 765-772. In: Sheppard C (ed). Seas at the millennium: An environmental evaluation. Vol II. Elsevier Science. 
Craig, P., et al. 2005. The state of coral reef ecosystems of AS. pp 312-337. In: Waddell J (ed). The status of the coral reef ecosystems of the US and Pacific freely associated states. NOAA Tech Rpt NOS NCCOS 11. 522 pp. 
Craig, P., et al. 2007. Subsistence harvest of coral reef resources in the outer islands of AS: modern, historic and prehistoric catches. In review. 16 pp. 
Crosby, M., et al. 2002. Priorities and strategies for addressing natural and anthropogenic threats to coral reefs in Pacific island nations. Ocean and Coastal Mgmt 45:121-137.  
Dahl, A. 1970. Ecological report on Tutuila, AS. Smithsonian Inst, Washington, DC. 13 pp. 
Dahl, A. 1973. Ecological Report on American Samoa. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 18 pp. 
Dahl, A. 1976. Aerial Oblique Photo of Rose Atoll. 
Dahl, A. 1980a. Regional ecosystems survey of the South Pacific area. SPC, Noumea. Tech Paper 179. 105 pp.  
Dahl, A. 1980b. Tropical island ecosystems and protection technologies to sustain renewable resources in U.S. affiliated islands. Unpublished Report to Office of Tech Assessment, U.S. Congress. 52 pp.  
Dahl, A. 1981. Monitoring Coral Reefs for Urban Impact. Bulletin of Marine Science 31(3):544-551. 
Dahl, A. 1991. UNEP Island Directory.
Dahl, A., et al. 1974. A Comparative Survey of Coral Reef Research Sites. Atoll Resources Bulletin 172:37-120.  
Davis, W. 1921. The coral reefs of Tutuila, Samoa. Science 53:559-565.  
Dawson, J. 1977. Fish poisoning in AS. Hawaii Medical Journal 36(8):239-243. 
Dingler, J., et al. 1986. Offshore sand resources along the south shore of Tutuila Island, AS. USGS Open-File Rpt 86-112. 43 pp. 
DMWR. 1995c. Fishing and hunting regulations for AS. DMWR. 13 pp.  
Evans, K., et al. 1996. Pacific islands ecoregion coastal ecosystems program proposal. AS section only. pp 50-61. Pacific Islands Region, USFWS, Honolulu, HI. 
Fenner, D., et al. 2006. Report of 2005 AS coral reef monitoring program (ASCRMP), expanded edition. Rpt to DMWR and CRAG. 61 pp. 
Fenner, D., et al. 2008. State of the Coral Reef, AS. In Waddell, J., et al (eds). The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the U.S. and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2008. pp 307-361. NOAA Tech Memorandum NOS NCCOS 73. NOAA/NCCOS Center for Coral Monitoring and Assessment's Biogeography Team. Silver Spring, MD. 569 pp. See website.
Flanigan, J. 1972. Venomous marine animals of AS. ASG. 58 pp.  
Flanigan, J. 1983. Earth, fire, and water: a handbook pertaining to a reef-oriented natural history of the islands of AS. Draft. ASCC. 46 pp. 
GMP Associates. 1994. Shoreline erosion study for Utulei Beach, Pago Pago, AS. Economic Development Planning
Office, AS.
Grant, G. 1993a. Rose Atoll trip report (terrestrial team). DMWR. 2 pp.  
Green, A. 1996b. Status of the coral reefs of the Samoan archipelago. DMWR. 125 pp.  
Green, A. 2002. Status of coral reefs on the main volcanic islands of AS: a resurvey of long term monitoring sites (benthic communities, fish communities, and key macroinvertebrates). Rpt to DMWR. 135 pp. 
Green, A., et al. 1997b. The impact of a ship grounding and associated fuel spill at Rose Atoll Ntl Wildlife Refuge, AS. Rpt to USFWS, Honolulu, HI. 60 pp. 
Green, A., et al. 1998. A preliminary survey of the coral reef resources in the Tutuila unit of NPSA. Rpt to NPSA. 42 pp. 
Hart, R. 2006. NPSA resource overview. Appendix A. 19 pp. In: HaySmith L, et al. PACN vital signs monitoring plan. Natural Resource Rpt NPS/PACN/NRR-2006/003. NPS, Fort Collins, CO. <
Helfrich, P., et al. 1975. An assessment of the expected impact of a dredging project proposed for Pala Lagoon, AS. Univ of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI. Sea Grant Tech Rpt UHIHI-SEAGRANT-TR-76-02. 76 pp. 
Houk, P. 2006. Assessing the effects of non-point source pollution on AS's coral reef communities II. Rpt to ASEPA. 29 pp. 
Houk, P., et al. 2005. Assessing the effects of non-point source pollution on AS's coral reef communities. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 107:11-27. 
Houk P, et al. 2008. Assessing the effects of non-point source pollution on AS's coral reef communities. Rpt to ASEPA. 44 pp. 
Itano, D. 1987a. Ciguatera fish poisoning. DMWR. 3 pp. 
Kelty, R., et al, 2004. Status of the coral reefs in Micronesia and AS. pp 381-409. In: Wilkinson C (ed). Status of coral reefs of the world. Vol 2. Australian Inst of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia. 316 pp.
Kiene, W., et al. 2007. FBNMS condition report. NOAA. 37 pp. 
Larkin, E. 2004a. Bilingual marine data distribution using ArcIMS for coral reef conservation. Proc 24th Annual ESRI User Conf, San Diego, CA, Paper 1123. 11 pp.
Larkin, E. 2004b. Geographic information systems for coral reef conservation, capacity building, and public education in AS. Thesis. Oregon State Univ, Corvallis, OR. 100 pp. <> 
Linnekin, J., et a.. 1995. Ethnographic assessment and overview the NPSA. Draft. Rpt to NPSA. 184 pp. 
Lundblad, E. 2004. The development and application of benthic classifications for coral reef ecosystems below 30 m depth using multibeam bathymetry: Tutuila, AS. Thesis. Oregon State Univ. 125 pp.
Lundblad, E., et al. 2006. A benthic terrain classification scheme for AS. Marine Geodesy 29(2):89-111. 
Maragos, J. 1987. Coastal resource development and management in the US Pacific Islands. AS section only. pp 32-35. Rpt to Office of Tech Assessment, US Congress.  
Maragos, J., et al. 1993. Conservation and sustainable dev on Pacific atolls. Conf on Population Dev and Communications in the Aquatic Environment, Honolulu, HI. 22 pp.  
Maragos, J., et al. 1995. Reef mapping and beach monitoring project at the Ofu unit of NPSA of AS and adjacent territorial reef park at Ofu island. Corial, Honolulu, HI. 83 pp. 
Maragos, J., et al. 1997. The status of coral reef habitats in the insular south and east Pacific. Proc 8th Intl Coral Reef Sym 1:307-316.  
Mayor, A. 1921a. Rose Atoll, AS. Proc of the American Philosophical Society 60:62-70.

Mayor, A. 1921b. Rose Atoll, Samoa, in its relation to recent change in sea level. Science 54:390.   
Mayor, A. 1924d. Rose Atoll, AS. Carnegie Inst Washington Publications 340:73-79.  
NOAA. 1981. Slope zones maps of Tutuila, Ofu/Olosega, AS. Slope zones 1 through 3 compiled from base materials provided by Dames and Moore, Honolulu, 1979. Zone 4 compiled from USGS. topographic maps by CZM Atlas of AS staff, 1980. 4 pp. NOAA Atlas. 
NOAA. 2002b. US Flag Pacific islands vessels grounding workshops January and February 2002. AS section only. 1-54 pp. NOAA and Pacific Basin Dev Council. 468 pp. 
NOAA. 2003. Benthic habitats of AS. AS Mapping Team. Poster.
NOAA. 2004a. AS bathymetry maps. PIFSC, NOAA, NMFS, Honolulu, HI. 8 maps. <> 
NOAA. 2004b. Sensitivity of coastal environments and wildlife to spilled oil AS atlas. NOAA, Seattle, WA. 39 pp.  
NOAA. 2006. Evaluation findings for the AS Coastal Mgmt Program from July 2000-July 2005. NOAA. 35 pp. <> 
NPS. 1988. NPSA feasibility study AS. Draft. NPS and ASG. 138 pp.  
NPS. 1997a. NPSA enabling legislation. Public Law 100-571. Public Law 107-336. In: NPS. General management plan/environmental impact statement: NPSA. pp 369-373. DOI. 302 pp. (1997a) <> 
NPS. 1997b. General management plan/environmental impact statement: NPSA. DOI. 302 pp. <> 
NRC. 1991. Endangered species in AS and a conservation strategy for their protection (an interim rpt). Incomplete draft. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 17. Natural Resources Commission, AS. 33 pp.  
Olson, M. 2001. Development discourse and the politics of environmental ideologies in Samoa. Society and Natural Resources 14:399-401. 
Peau, L. 2003. A national perspective on maintaining the health of coastal seas from AS. Coastal Zone Mgmt mtg, Pago Pago, AS. 6 pp.  
Pedersen. 2000a. AS watershed protection plan, vol 1, watersheds 1-23. Rpt to ASEPA and ASCMP. 389 pp.
Pedersen. 2000b. AS watershed protection plan, vol 2, watersheds 24-35. Rpt to ASEPA and ASCMP. 312 pp. 
Pedersen. 2000c. AS watershed protection plan, vol 3, watersheds 36-41. Rpt to ASEPA and ASCMP. 123 pp. 
Pedersen. 2000d. AS watershed protection plan, vol 4, storm mgmt evaluations. Rpt to ASEPA and ASCMP.
87 pp.
Pendleton, E., et al. 2005. Coastal vulnerability assessment of NPSA to sea-level rise. USGS Open-File Rpt 2005-1055. 29 pp. 
Richmond, B., et al. 2002. Status of the coral reefs in Micronesia and AS: US affiliated and freely associated islands in the Pacific. pp 217-236. In: Wilkinson C (ed). Status of the coral reefs of the world. Australian Inst of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia. 378 pp. <
Rinehart, R., et al. 2004. ArcGIS 8.x benthic terrain modeler: Analysis in AS. Proc 24th Annual ESRI User Conf, San Diego, CA, Paper 1433. 14 pp. <> 
Riolo, F. 2004a. Comparing in-situ datalogger sea temperature data with AVHRR satellite derived sea surface temperature data in Vatia Bay, AS. Draft. DMWR. 15 pp.  
Sachet, M. 1954. A summary of information on Rose Atoll. Atoll Research Bulletin 29. 25 pp.  
SOPAC. 2006. Sea level and climate: their present state Samoa. SOPAC Secretariat, Suva, Fiji. 32 pp. <> 
Spalding, M., et al. 2001. Tokelau, Samoa and AS. pp 373-376. In: Spalding M, et al. World atlas of coral reefs. Univ of CA Press, Berkeley, CA. 424 pp. 
Spurgeon, J., et al. 2004. Economic valuation of coral reefs and adjacent habitats in AS. Draft. Rpt to DOC. 108 pp. 
SSRI. 2003. AS ocean resource management plan. Rpt to ASCMP and DOC. 44 pp. 
Swerdioff, S., et al. 1970. Rose Atoll - a survey August 21, 1970. Rpt to ASG. 12 pp. 
Taylor, E. 1997. An environmental assessment survey for the AS coastal management program. Rpt to ASCMP. 60 pp.  
Thomas, W. 1988. Fagatele Bay: a sanctuary in Samoa. Oceanus 31(1):18-24.  
Treml E, et al. 2008. Modeling population connectivity by ocean currents, a graph-theoretic approach for marine conservation. Landscape Ecology 23:19-36.  
Turner, R. 2005a. An assessment of public perceptions for the planning of environmental education. Univ of Newcastle, UK. 13 pp. 
Turner, R. 2005b. Public knowledge and perceptions of coral reefs: a study of Tutuila, AS. Rpt to CRAG. 8 pp.  
USAED. 1998. Environmental assessment for Faleasao relief harbor Ta'u Island, AS. USAED, Honolulu, HI. 64 pp.  
Utzurrum, R., et al. 2006. A comprehensive strategy for wildlife conservation in AS. DMWR. 109 pp.  
Volk, R., et al. 1992. Towards a territorial conservation strategy and the establishment of a conservation areas systems for AS. Rpt to NRC. 114 pp. 
Wegmann, A., et al. 2006. Rose Atoll Ntl Wildlife Refuge research compendium. Sula Restoration Ecology, Honolulu, HI. 93 pp.  
Wells, E. 1988. AS coral reef inventory. pp 1-13. In: Wells S (ed). Coral reefs of the world: central and WPac. Vol 3. UNEP, Nairobi and IUCNNR, Switzerland.  
WPRFMC. 2005b. Fishery ecosystem plan for Pacific pelagic fisheries of the WPac region. WPRFMC, Honolulu, HI. 216 pp.  
WPRFMC. 2005c. Fishery ecosystem plan for the AS archipelago. WPRFMC, Honolulu, HI. 227 pp.  
Wright, D. 2002a. Mapping and GIS capacity building in AS. Proc 22nd Annual ESRI User Conf, San Diego, CA, Paper 101. 17 pp. <> 
Wright, D. 2002b. Mapping the seafloor in AS. Geospatial Solutions 12(7):24-25.
Wright, D. 2005. Rpt of HURL cruise KOK0510: submersible dives and multibeam mapping to investigate benthic habitats of Tutuila, AS. Tech rpt. NOAA Office of Undersea Research Submersible Science Program, HI. 22 pp.
Wright, D., et al. 2002. Seafloor mapping and GIS coordination at America's remotest national marine sanctuary (AS). pp 33-63. In: Wright D (ed). Undersea with GIS. ESRI Press, Redlands, CA. <> 
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