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Environmental Reports and Publications - American and (western) Samoa
These are publications related to "American Samoa Bats" compiled by the park's inventory and monitoring staff as of 2008.

Nat'l Park

of Am Samoa

Nat'l Park

of Am Samoa
Nat'l Park

of Am Samoa
Nat'l Park

of Am Samoa
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Banack, S. 1993a. Quarterly report fruit bats. Rpt to DMWR. 9 pp.  
Banack, S. 1993b. The role of flying foxes in maintaining biodiversity in Pacific Island ecosystems. Rpt to DMWR. 7 pp. 
Banack, S. 1998. Diet selection and resource use by flying foxes (Genus Pteropus), Ecology 79(6):1949-1967. 
Banack, S., et al. 2002. Spatial and temporal movement patterns of the flying fox, Pteropus Tonganus, in AS. Journal of Wildlife Management 66(4):1154-1163.  
Brooke, A. 1996. AS wildlife investigations fruit bats studies FY96. DMWR. 14 pp.  
Brooke, A. 1997a. An overview of Pteropus tonganus population size and habitat use in AS, with discussion of bats occurring within NPSA. DMWR. 15 pp.  
Brooke, A. 1997b. Fruit bats studies: Pteropus samoensis and Pteropus tonganus 1995-1996. DMWR. 64 pp.  
Brooke, A. 1998a. Biology of the flying foxes in AS: Pteropus samoensis and Pteropus tonganus. Rpt to NPSA. 56 pp.  
Brooke, A. 1998b. More than you wanted to know about the Samoan bat, P. samoensis. Rpt to DMWR. 33 pp.  
Brooke, A. 2001. Population status and behaviours of the Samoan flying fox (Pteropus samoensis) on Tutuila, AS. Journal of Zoology 254:309-319.  
Brooke, A., et al. 2000. Roosting behavior of colonial and solitary flying foxes in AS (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae). Biotropica 32(2):338-350.  
Cox, P. 1983. Observations on the natural history of Samoan bats. Mammalia 47(4):519-523. 
Craig, P., et al. 1991a. Fruit bats in AS: their status and future. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 19. USFWS Biological Rpt 90(23):127-131. 
Craig, P., et al. 1991b. Hunter harvest of fruit bats and birds in AS, 1990-91. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 24. 13 pp. 
Craig, P. 1992. Species identification problems during fruit bat surveys in AS. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 25. 8 pp.
Craig, P., et al. 1994a. Subsistence harvest of birds, fruit bats, and other game in AS, 1990-1991. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 31. Pacific Science 48(4):344-352. 
Craig, P., et al. 1994b. The decline of fruit bats in AS due to hurricanes and over-hunting. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 54. Biological Conservation 69:261-266. 
Daschbach, N. 1990. After the hurricane. Bats 8(3):14-15. 
DMWR. 1990. AS wildlife investigations annual report FY89. DMWR. 55 pp. 
DMWR. 1991. AS wildlife investigations annual report FY90. DMWR. 119 pp. 
DMWR. 1994. AS wildlife investigations annual report FY94. DMWR. 42 pp. 
DMWR. 1995a. AS wildlife investigations annual report FY95. DMWR. 35 pp. 
Engbring, J. 1989. Observations of fruit bats in Samoa, with emphasis on the status of the Samoan fruit bat (Pteropus samoensis). Final draft. USFWS, Honolulu, HI. 60 pp. 
Grant, G., et al. 1994b. Decline of the sheath-tailed bat Emballonura semicaudata (Chiroptera: Emballonuridae) on AS. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 47. Micronesica 27:133-137. 
Grant, G., et al. 1995. Predation on Pteropus tonganus by a barn owl in AS. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 48. Australian Mammalogy 18:77-78.  
Grant, G., et al. 1997a. Cyclone-induced shift in foraging behavior of flying foxes in AS. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 68. Biotropica 29(2):224-228.  
Grant, G., et al. 1999. Harem structure and reproductive behaviour of Pteropus tonganus in AS. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 69. Australian Mammalogy 21:111-120.
Morrell, T., et al. 1995. Temporal variation in fruit bats observed during daytime surveys in AS. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 81. Wildlife Society Bulletin 23(1):36-40.  
Murphy M. 1986. Protection for AS`s flying foxes. Bats 4(4):3.   
Nelson, S. 1997. Nutritional consequences of anthropogenic and natural disturbances on the food base of the Samoan flying foxes. Thesis. Univ of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 72 pp.  
Nelson, S. 2001. Nutritional landscape ecology of fruit bats (Pteropus tonganus) in AS. PCSU Agreement 8028-2-9004. Univ of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI. 11 pp. 
Nelson, S. 2003. Nutritional ecology of old-world fruit bats: A test of the calcium-constraint hypothesis. Dissertation. Univ of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 140 pp. 
Nelson, S., et al. 2000a. Nutritional consequences of a change in diet from native to agricultural fruits for the Samoan fruit bat. Ecography 23(4):393-401. 
Nelson, S., et al. 2000b. Nutritional quality of leaves and unripe fruit consumed as famine foods by the flying foxes of Samoa. Pacific Science 54(4):301-311.
Nelson, S., et al. 2005a. Folivory in fruit bats: leaves provide a natural choice of calcium. Journal of Chemical Ecology 31(8):1683-1691. 
Nelson, S., et al. 2005b. Fruit choice and calcium block use by Tongan fruit bats in AS. Journal of Mammalogy 86:1205-1209. 
Norberg, U., et al. 2000. Soaring and non-soaring bats of the family Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Pteropus spp): wing morphology and flight performance. Journal of Experimental Biology 203:651-664.  
Palmeirim, J., et al. 2005. Distribution, status, and conservations of bats in the Fiji Islands. Univ of So Pacific, Fiji. 68 pp. 
Pierson, E., et al. 1992. The effects of Cyclone Val on areas proposed for inclusion in the NPSA. Rpt to NPS. 35 pp.  
Pierson, E., et al. 1996. Effects of tropical cyclonic storms on flying fox populations on the So Pacific islands of Samoa. Conservation Biology 10(2):438-451. 
Sinavaiana, C., et al. 1992. The cultural significance of the flying fox in Samoa: a legendary view. pp 36-38. In: Wilson D, et al. (eds). Pacific Island flying foxes: Proc Intl Conf. USFWS Biological Rpt 90(23). 181 pp.  
Steadman, D., et al. 2004. A prehistoric, noncultural vertebrate assemblage from Tutuila, AS. Pacific Science 58(4):615-624.  
Thomson, S., et al. 1998. Diurnal activity in the Samoan flying fox, Pteropus samoensis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 353:1595-1606.  
Trail, P. 1993. Zoology survey of the Ottoville lowland forest. DMWR Biological Rpt Series 40. 22 pp.  
Utzurrum, R. 1997. AS wildlife investigations: fruit bat studies. DMWR. 15 pp.  
Utzurrum, R., et al. 2001a. Monitoring for conservation and management: some empirical and theoretical approaches. Sylvatrop 10(1-2):88-105.  
Utzurrum, R., et al. 2003. Count methods and population trends in Pacific Island flying foxes. pp 49-61. In: O’Shea T, et al. Monitoring trends in bat populations of the US and territories: problems and prospects. Tech Rpt USGS/BRD/ITR-2003-0003. 274 pp.  
Webb, E., et al. 1996. Notes on the pollination of Syzygium dealatum (Burkill) A.C Smith (Myrtaceae) in AS. DMWR. 11 pp. 
Webb, E., et al. 1999b. Effects of topography on rainforest tree community structure and diversity in AS, and implications for frugivore and nectarivore populations. Journal of Biogeography 26:887-897.  
Wilson, D., et al. 1992. The flying foxes Pteropus samoensis and Pteropus tonganus: status in Fiji and Samoa. pp 74-101. In: Wilson D, et al. (eds). Pacific Island flying foxes. Proc Intl Conf. USFWS Biological Rpt 90(23). 181 pp. 
Wilson, D., et al. 1993. Status of the fruit bat, Pteropus samoensis in Samoa. Rpt to DMWR. 47 pp.  
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