Fishes of Nationa Park of American Samoa

Family Name Listing

Order: Perciformes, Family: Acanthuridae
Surgeonfishes and Unicornfishes

Surgeon fishes are characterized by a scalpel-like spine at the base of their tails. They are conspicuous residents of shallow coral reefs. Locally some surgeonfish are important food fishes  

Scientific NameHawaiian NameCommon NamePhotoTSNPark StatusAbundanceResidencyNativity
Acanthurus achillespaku'iku'iachilles tang Acanthurus achilles. paku'iku'i. Achilles tangAcanthurus achilles. paku'iku'i. Achilles tang 172261Present in parkOccasionalBreederNative
Acanthurus blochiipualuringtail surgeonfishAcanthurus blochii. pualu, ringtail surgeonfishAcanthurus blochii. pualu, ringtail surgeonfishAcanthurus blochii. pualu, ringtail surgeonfish172275Present in parkCommonBreederNative
Acanthurus dussumieripalanieyestripe surgeonfishAcanthurus dussumieri. palani. eyestripe surgeonfish172260Present in parkCommonBreederNative
Acanthurus guttatus'apiwhitespotted surgeonfishAcanthurus guttatus. 'api. whitespotted surgeonfish Acanthurus guttatus. 'api. whitespotted surgeonfish 172263Present in parkRareBreederNative
Acanthurus leucopareiusmaikoikowhitebar surgeonfishAcanthurus leucopareius. maikoiko. whitebar surgeonfishAcanthurus leucopareius. maikoiko. whitebar surgeonfish172264Present in parkAbundantBreederNative
Acanthurus nigrofuscusma'i'i'ibrown surgeonfish Acanthurus nigrofuscus. ma'i'i'i. brown surgeonfishAcanthurus nigrofuscus. ma'i'i'i. brown surgeonfishAcanthurus nigrofuscus. ma'i'i'i. brown surgeonfish 172266Present in parkAbundantBreederNative
Acanthurus nigrorismaikobluelined surgeonfish Acanthurus nigroris. maiko. bluelined surgeonfishAcanthurus nigroris. maiko. bluelined surgeonfish 172267Present in parkCommonBreederNative
Acanthurus olivaceusna'ena'eorangeband surgeonfish Acanthurus olivaceus. na'ena'e. orangeband surgeonfishAcanthurus olivaceus. na'ena'e. orangeband surgeonfishAcanthurus olivaceus. na'ena'e. orangeband surgeonfish (juv) 172268Present in parkCommonBreederNative
Acanthurus triostegusmaniniconvict surgeonfish Acanthurus triostegus. manini. convict surgeonfishAcanthurus triostegus. manini. convict surgeonfishAcanthurus triostegus. manini. convict surgeonfishAcanthurus triostegus. manini. convict surgeonfish 172270Present in parkAbundantBreederNative
Acanthurus xanthopteruspualuyellowfin surgeonfishAcanthurus xanthopterus. pualu. yellowfin surgeonfishAcanthurus xanthopterus. yellowfin surgeonfish 172259Present in parkUncommonBreederNative
Ctenochaetus hawaiiensisHawaiian bristletoothCtenochaetus hawaiiensis. Hawaiian bristletooth172306Present in parkRareBreederNative
Ctenochaetus strigosuskolegoldring bristletooth Ctenochaetus strigosus. kole. goldring bristletoothCtenochaetus strigosus. kole. goldring bristletooth 172302Present in parkAbundantBreederNative
Naso brevirostriskala lolopaletail unicornfish Naso brevirostris. kala lolo. paletail unicornfishNaso brevirostris. kala lolo. paletail unicornfishNaso brevirostris. kala lolo. paletail unicornfish 172292Present in parkCommonBreederNative
Naso hexacanthuskala lolosleek unicornfishNaso hexacanthus. kala lolo. sleek unicornfish172294Present in parkAbundantBreederNative
Naso lituratusumaumaleiorangespine unicornfish Naso lituratus. umaumalei. orangespine unicornfishNaso lituratus. umaumalei. orangespine unicornfish 172297Present in parkAbundantBreederNative
Naso unicorniskalabluespine unicornfishNaso unicornis. kala. bluespine unicornfishNaso unicornis. kala. bluespine unicornfish172289Present in parkCommonBreederNative
Zebrasoma flavescenslau'ipalayellow tang Zebrasoma flavescens. lau'ipala. yellow tangZebrasoma flavescens. lau'ipala. yellow tang 172315Present in parkOccasionalBreederNative
Zebrasoma veliferummane'one'osailfin tangZebrasoma veliferum. mane'one'o. sailfin tangZebrasoma veliferum. mane'one'o. sailfin tangZebrasoma veliferum. mane'one'o. sailfin tang172315Present in parkUncommonBreederNative

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