With limited funds
and hundreds of historic structures attacked by termites, age, mildew and
rot--Henry Law and Bryan Harry developed a 'priority list' to husband moneys
for stabilization repairs. Review the development
of those priorities.
Reflect after a
quarter century experience maintaining park historic structures following
the priority plan.
maps are included in the jackets-one map of the entire peninsula, and one map
of the Settlement with district division. The maps pinpoint the location of
all known standing structures on the peninsula, and identify the buildings by
numbers keyed to the inventory sheets.
of the buildings are numbered for ease in future identification. If a structure
has an existing number according to Board of Health maps and records, that number
is used. Some of these numbers are duplicated in different areas of the Settlement
so location must be specified whenever a structure is identified by number,
particularly in a Section 106 proceeding which could lead to demolition of a
building. If a structure has no number that can be ascertained from the Board
of Health maps and records, a number is assigned, beginning with the number
'500.' No duplications in the '500,"600,' and '700' series exist. The majority
of structures in this series are of private ownership constructed by the owners
with recycled or purchased materials. A small number of the structures in this
series are owned by the State of Hawaii or the Federal Government.
provided on each inventory sheet includes the building number, location, use,
approximate size, ownership, date, description of present state of the building,
significance, cost estimates, as well as a photograph.
dates are based on maps provided by the State of Hawaii on the Annual Report
of the Superintendent, Board of Leper Hospitals and Settlement of the Territory
of Hawaii for several fascal years, or in most cases on the list drawn up by
the building maintenance division at Kalaupapa Settlement. These dates should
not be considered conclusive. Further historical research is necessary to accurately
date every structure of historical and architectural significance, particularly
if a Section 106 proceeding is pending.
refers to "architectural significance" although known historical significance
normally is included in the statement. In many cases, significance is listed
as "one of many." Care should be exercised in demolition of structures
in these categories, so that representative groups of buildings will be preserved.
Statements are very brief due to the very short time limit. Broader significance
is explained in the Architectural Evaluation: Kalaupapa.
cost estimates include a general "maintenance cost" to stabilize the
structure and bring it up to a maintenance standard and a "future maintenance
cost" for cyclic maintenance. Cost estimates are presented on all State-owned
structures currently in use as well as those of potential historical significance,
and on privately owned structures of known historical significance. The historically
and architecturally significant buildings (individually or in groups depending
on the building) will require studies similar to National Park Service "Historic
Structure Reports" and "Historic Structure Preservation Guides."
However, these studies should be done after an overall "Historic Resources
Study" is completed for the entire area. After these studies are completed,
greater sums of money can be directed to proper preservation and, hopefully,
adaptive use of the significant building. Insignificant buildings can be removed
as they outlive their useful lives. Estimates for the "Historic Structure
Preservation Guides" are not included in this report. Cost figures are
available from the Historic Preservation Division, National Park Service, Denver
cost figures or stabilization estimates are based on Oahu costs-the cost of
contract work for a project item in Honolulu. Due to the frequency of items
such as fumigation and roofing, the costs may vary depending on the size of
the contract. The greater the amount of work done at one time, the lesser the
cost. Another determining factor, however, is the isolation of the project at
Kalaupapa. The costs listed in this report could be increased from 50 percent
to 150 percent. Housing workers and transporting materials are major problems
which would increase the overall cost. Another variable to be considered is
the amount of work that should be allowed at one time without seriously disrupting
the lives of the patients. This should be decided by the patients and the administrating
agency, but it remains an unknown variable in coming to a fixed figure.
amount of work needed was determined during 15 days of on-site investigation
of more than 200 buildings. The interiors of most structures were not viewed.
Many of the items specified on the cost estimate sheets are educated guesses
on the exact amount of damage to be repaired. Therefore contingency funds are
listed continually. The contingencies are closer to being under-estimates than
estimate sheets are located in the Kalaupapa Building Folders deposited
in the Hawaii State Office of the National Park Service, Honolulu. The Building
Folders also include the original work sheets written in the field, photographs
of building details and damage, and other pertinent data.
cost estimates are by H.G. Law. All photographs, description and preliminary
research are by-L.E.S. Many thanks to Martha Shibata for typing and assembly.
Mahalo to the wonderful people of Kalaupapa for their kindness, help, and hospitiality.
E. Soulliere, Architectural Historian
Henry G. Law, Historical Architect
The Building Inventory is divided into nine districts as follows:
1) McVeigh Home; 2) Bishop Home-Bay View Home and Vicinity; 3) Damien Road,
South Side; 4) Main Residential Area; 5) Staff Row; 6) Administrative/Industrial
Area; 7) Construction Camp-Paschoal Hall and Vicinity; 8) Kamehameha Street
to Mormon Church and Vicinity; 9) Other Peninsula Areas. In most cases, the
districts have separate functions such as patient housing, staff housing or
industrial uses-which are the result of logical village development to some
extent. The industrial area, for example, is built up around the landing dock
where the supplies are brought in; the majority of residences are located
away from the ocean where the day-to-day weather is less severe. The residential
section is divided into "Main Residential Area" and "Damien
Road, South Side" because of its enormous size and the number of structures
involved. The districts are further divided according to ownership-State of
Hawaii or Private.