The NPSpecies Data Management System
Species Category: Fish
Park: Pacific Islands National Parks
The list of Fishes of Kalaupapa and Kaloko-Honokahau National Historical Parks, and the National Park of American Samoa were generated as an individual report from the National Park Service's "NPSpecies Database," with photos from the park staff and volunteers as illustrations.
NPSpecies is being developed by the National Park Service (NPS) as a service-wide Inventory and Monitoring (I&M) Program to document the occurrence of plant and animal species in national park units. In its simplest form, this database will list all species that are entered for each park unit and list all park units for which a particular species has been recorded. Additionally, and more importantly for scientific credibility, NPSpecies has the capabilities to document multiple, supporting, verifiable "evidence" including references, vouchers, and observations for each species recorded in each park unit.
The NPSpecies is designed as one component of a larger, integrated system developed by the service-wide I&M program. Other components include a database to catalog traditional bibliographic information such as reports and publications and a database to catalog such non-traditional "data" such as GIS files, digital imagery, and digital databases.
NPSpecies is a work in progress, now only available to researchers using intranet. It will be generally available to all via internet in a few years. Eventually, many of the species in NPSpecies will be linked to illustrations similar to these in List of Fishes of the National Park of American Samoa.
Though these lists of nearly a thousand native fishes of the Pacific Islands National Parks is an astounding sample of biodiversity--it is but a small component of the park's coral reef ecology. In preparation are similar lists of other significant species groups including corals, crustaceans, seabirds, and herps.